The Red Sea (Reed Sea) Is Your Blood by AB Kuhn
The Red Sea Is Your Blood by Alvin Boyd Kuhn
*Typed and edited by Juan Schoch for educational research purposes from New Outlook, circa 1953. This notice is not to be removed.
The ancient sages who indicted the revered “Holy Scriptures” of antiquity wrote little in the spirit of what we call history but wrote almost entirely in the literary method known as the allegorical. Their concern in the field of religious writing was not to record objective historical events, but rather to dramatize aspects of man’s mystical experience by means of well and profoundly conceived pictorial representations, such as myths, allegories, dramas, number graphs and, to a surprising degree, astrological designs around the stellar constellations.
The characters in these structures took the part and enacted the role of the several elements in the actual drama of the linked divine-human entity who is man himself. It is, therefore, a gross mistake to assume, as Western scholarship has always done, that the ancients were simple-minded children who naively interpreted nature and human life in the terms of their omnipresent mythologies; conceived and believed by them as actual descriptions of real events. Better understanding is now coming to see the ancient myths as extremely ingenious and subtly-shrewd dramatic portrayals of the deepest verities of the human experience on its religio-mystical side.
When it is seen also that the bulk of the literature in our Jewish-Christian Bible is a collection of such allegorical material, the matter becomes of considerable moment for all Western civilization and culture. St. Paul, for instance, in the fourth chapter of Galatians, directly states that the story of Abraham, Sarah, Hagar, Isaac, and Ishmael in the Old Testament “is an allegory.” In the same chapter he declares Hagar to be “Mount Sinai which is in Arabia, the seal of our bondage.” Also in Revelation 11:8 the text recites that “Our Lord” was crucified in a city “allegorically (New translation) called Sodom and Egypt.” How “Our Lord” could be crucified in two places some 500 or more miles apart, has therefore to be “allegorically” interpreted since it cannot be done historically.
Of the most startling significance in instances in which the historical must yield to the allegorical, is the item of obvious symbolical and not historical reference known as the crossing of the Red Sea by the Israelites. Interest here is at once stunningly aroused by the prime fact that this Red Sea is no longer to be found in the Bible. Scholarship has at long last corrected a most glaring error and taken the name out of the text of Scripture. It is, however, only a matter of taking out what never was really in. The English name, Red Sea, had stood in the text, but the connotation which this name carried to Western readers was never in. For the words of the Hebrew manuscripts which had been translated “Red Sea” never actually meant the geographical body of water between Egypt and Arabia on the map. The name is now translated properly (in the Moffatt translation) as the “Reed Sea.”
Incontestable evidence of the correctness of this translation is found in any Hebrew dictionary. The words in the Hebrew manuscript texts are IAM SUPH. IAM means “sea, ocean water.” Does SUPH mean “red?” On the contrary decidedly green; for it is given as meaning “sedge, reeds, marsh grass, swamp grass.” In shocked surprise the general reader will ask how any translator could find a reason for translating SUPH “red.” The exposition should open all eyes to the methods of subtle indirection and poetic symbolism in which ancient scriptures were written, and spiritual states represented.
As said, the ancient sages wrote in a language of nature symbolism and pictorial depiction. Always they looked outside to find in nature a situation that would furnish an analogue of an inner mystical realization or spiritual law of the higher life of man. Having in mind right from the start that the body of water which the immortal soul of a human had to cross in its transition from the beginning to the end of its human pilgrimage was the blood of the human body itself, which is seven-eighths water and one-eighth earth, these poetically-minded writers found the exact parallel to the human body out in nature in a swamp, marsh, or meadow, where water and earth are interblended. And in such a place reeds grow! Purely on natural analogy, poetically viewed, the body was typified as the “Reed Sea.” But obviously the early translators understood that the reference was to the human body-blood, and that being red in color, they felt privileged to translate IAM SUPH as the “Red Sea.”
Doubtless to many readers this interpretation will seem at first glance to be far-fetched and fanciful, even far too flimsy for serious acceptance. So it is desirable to buttress its legitimacy by citing additional material from the Scriptures that link immediately in with the rendition.
Both in Revelation and elsewhere, reference is made to a divine fire – invariably the symbol of spirit-soul power – which is to descend from above and enter into “the ocean which is on the border of the earth and turn the sea into blood.” Here, says the interpreter, the allegorical method fails utterly, since the oceans are salt water and not blood. But hold! It is precisely the reverse; for the interpretation fails historically,– since the actual oceans are not blood – and is found, most remarkably, to be true allegorically! Not, to be sure, in the earth’s oceans has the sea been turned into blood but in another place – and the very place where all Biblical meaning truly heads up – the sea water has been turned into blood: in the veins and arteries of the human body.
For the biological stream of evolving organic life began in the sea salt water and now in man, the highest product of that evolution, that sea water has been turned into blood. Modern chemistry finds the mineral count out of blood similar to that of sea water. And salt water was administered for transfusion before blood itself was resorted to.
It is now known that the ancient Egyptians called the primal “waters of the firmament,” or the primordial sea of matter, “the lake of Sa.” This was the virginal source of the essence of matter. Out of this “womb of all things” issued organic forms of life in the progressive line of development. As all life on our globe simularly issued forth out of sea water, the latter became the universal symbol for virgin matter. As matter and water were thus the eternal mothers of all life, the goddesses of the mythologies were nearly all named after the sea, as Thallath (Gk: sea), Meri (Egyptian), Mary (Latin: Mare, the sea), and others.
But the etymology yields astonishing correlations. Our “sea” must be this s(e)a itself. From sa comes undoubtedly sa-lt also. As salt is a preservative, then comes sa-ve, sal-vation, sal-ve, sal-iva, sal-utary, sal-ubrious, sa-cred, sa-nctity, and so on. And by what does scripture tell us we are to be saved? By the blood! By the atoning blood! By the primal s(e)a water, transmuted into blood, blood charged by the growing power of the indwelling “Lamb of God,” or Christ nature in man, with spiritual dynamic and changed verily into the blood of divine life for man. Saved by the blood of the Lamb! And Lot’s wife, who looked back and therefore reverted to primal constituency, was turned into a pillar of salt!
Speculation can not overlook also the name of Sodom in immediate connection with this elucidation. With salt reading in chemistry NACL, and the NA meaning sodium, it seems obvious that Sodom is related to sodium. The great battle narrated in the Genesis chapter 14, in immediate connection with the Abraham-Lot “history” was fought in the “salt sea,” in the valley of Siddim, (that is, the salt sea).” And even Siddim is but one vowel removed from “Sodom.”
Do we face at last the truth, lost for ages, that this great battle is being fought, not in a salt marsh in some indeterminate ancient country, but verily in the human blood?
The human blood is the “salt sea;” your blood is the “Red sea”!
NSA Snowden Releases Tally Update - *6,193 Pages
September 29, 2015
28 September 2015. Add 21 pages to The Intercept. Tally now *6,193 pages of The Guardian first reported 58,000 files; caveat: Janine Gibson, The Guardian NY, said on 30 January 2014 "much more than 58,000 files in first part, two more parts" (no numbers) (tally about ~10.6%). DoD claims 1,700,000 files (~.04% of that released). ACLU lists 525 pages released by the press. However, if as The Washington Post reported, a minimum of 250,000 pages are in the Snowden files, then less than 1% have been released. Note Greenwald claim on 13 September 2014 of having "hundreds of thousands" of documents. At Snowden current rate it will take 20-620 years to free all documents.
24 September 2015. Add 283 pages to The Intercept.
15 August 2015. Add 74 pages to New York Times-Propublica.
11 August 2015. Add 29 pages to The Intercept.
3 August 2015. Add 10 pages to The Intercept.
16 July 2015. Add 8 pages to The Intercept.
1 July 2015. Add 1,240 pages to The Intercept.
26 June 2015. Add 13 pages to The Intercept.
22 June 2015. Add 250 pages to The Intercept.
13 June 2015. Italian journalist provides correspondence with USG on Snowden documents:
2015-1504.pdf offsite Stefania Maurizi-NSA Snowden Correspondence June 13, 2015 2015-1503.pdf offsite Stefania Maurizi-DoJ Snowden Correspondence June 13, 2015 2015-1502.pdf offsite Stefania Maurizi-State Snowden Correspondence June 13, 2015
12 June 2015. Paul and FVEYDOCS tweet:
IC off the Record:
12 June 2015. Aeris tweets:
12 June 2015. Christopher Parsons writes:
Saw your tweet re: sources for Snowden docs. I've compiled all the relevant Canadian documents, along with summary information of the documents'contents along with indexing information, here:
In the coming months I'm hoping to have equivalent summaries for Australia and New Zealand (and will then be moving on to do similar summary work for US- and UK-based documents).
12 June 2015. Snowden documents compilations (plus this one):
If all documents are free somewhere please send pointer to: cryptome[at]earthlink.net
12 June 2015. Add 4 pages to The Intercept.
4 June 2015. Add 91 pages to The New York Times.
28 May 2015. Add 23 pages to The Intercept.
22 May 2015. Add 26 pages to CBC (with The Intercept).
21 May 2015. Edward Snowden was quoted in Forbes on May 10, 2015:
"What I did was that I worked in partnership with the journalists who received the material. As a condition of receiving the material they agreed, prior to publication, to run these stories by the government. Not for the government to censor them, but for the government to be able to look at these and go “look, this isn’t going to get anybody killed, this isn’t going to put a human agent behind enemy lines at risk” or something like that. “This isn’t going to make Al Qaeda be able to bomb buildings.” And I think the value of this model has been proven to be quite effective."
This indicates all stories about document releases have been "run-by governments prior to publication." Cryptome has filed an FOIA request to NSA for records of these "run-bys."
21 May 2015. Add 10 pages to The Intercept.
19 May 2015. Add 19 pages to The Intercept.
18 May 2015. Add 6 pages to The Intercept.
8 May 2015. Add 40 pages to The Intercept.
5 May 2015. Add 46 pages to The Intercept.
2 April 2015. Add 7 pages to The Intercept.
30 March 2015. Snowden documents archive by The Courage Foundation:
24 March 2015. Add 152 pages to CBC News.
14 March 2015. Add 2 pages to New Zealand Herald.
10 March 2015. Add 12 pages to The Intercept. Add 8 pages to New Zealand Herald.
8 March 2015. Add 35 pages to New Zealand Star Times.
6 March 2015. Add 4 pages to New Zealand Herald.
5 March 2015. Snowden Archive, searchable: http://cjfe.org/snowden
5 March 2015. Add 6 pages to New Zealand Herald.
19 February 2015. Add 32 pages to The Intercept.
10 February 2015. Add 2 pages to The Intercept.
5 February 2015. Add 3 pages to The Intercept.
4 February 2015. Add 5 pages to The Intercept.
30 January 2015. Compilation of Snowden documents:
[Repost] 4 April 2014. ACLU offers NSA documents search: https://www.aclu.org/nsa-documents-search
If more lists please send: cryptome[at]earthlink.net
28 January 2015. Add 21 pages to CBC News.
26 January 2015. Add Citizenfour Snowden Documentary High-Definition, with innumerable images, by Cryptome.
25 January 2015. Add Citizenfour Snowden Documentary by Cryptome, with innumerable images, some 87 extracted by Paul Dietrich in following entry.
22 January 2015. Add 87 pages to Paul Dietrich (via Citizenfour).
17 January 2015. Add 199 pages to Der Spiegel.
28 December 2014. Add 666 pages to Der Spiegel.
22 December 2014. Add 1 page to New York Times.
13 December 2014. Add 67 pages to The Intercept.
4 December 2014. Add 63 pages to The Intercept.
25 November 2014. Add 72 pages to Süddeutsche Zeitung.
6 November 2014. At current rate of release it will take 31 to 908 years for full disclosure.
10 October 2014. Add 69 pages to The Intercept.
17 September 2014. Add 2 pages to The Intercept.
14 September 2014. Add 68 pages to Der Spiegel.
13 September 2014. In video Glenn Greenwald claims to have "hundreds of thousands" of documents (at 9:06 min)
Audio excerpt: http://youtu.be/xnfIp38AAhM
5 September 2014. Add 32 pages to The Intercept.
31 August 2014. Add 34 pages to Der Spiegel.
25 August 2014. Add 55 pages to The Intercept.
16 August 2014. Add 26 pages to Heise.
12 August 2014. Add 6 pages to The Intercept.
5 August 2014. Add 12 pages to The Intercept.
4 August 2014. Add 23 pages to The Intercept.
25 July 2014. Add 4 pages to The Intercept.
14 July 2014. Add 8 pages to The Intercept.
14 July 2014. "I'm as mad as hell and I'm not going to take this anymore!"
Cryptome has sent a demand for accounting and public release specifics to holders of the Snowden documents: New York Times, Washington Post, The Guardian, Barton Gellman, Laura Poitrias, Glenn Greenwald, ACLU, EFF and John and Jane Does, US Citizens:
11 July 2014. See related essay, Open the Snowden Files, Krystian Woznicki, 11July 2014:
We did not have an official NSA list of targets. We had to find them in the pile ourselves. Soltani, an independent researcher, did most of the heavy lifting on that. Because the information was not laid out in rows and columns, the way it might be in a spreadsheet, Soltani wrote computer code to extract what we were looking for from something like a quarter-million pages of unstructured text.
If a minimum of 250,000 pages are in the Snowden files, then less than 1% have been released.
9 July 2014. Add 8 pages to The Intercept.
9 July 2014. Add 1 page to Washington Post.
23 June 2014. Add 9 pages to Der Spiegel.
22 June 2014. Add 41 pages to Information-The Intercept.
Revised. This is included in entry above. 18 June 2014. Add 20 pages to The Intercept.
18 June 2014. Add 200 pages to Der Spiegel.
16 June 2014. Add 4 pages to Der Spiegel.
1 June 2014. Add 4 pages to New York Times.
23 May 2014. Cryptome placed online No Place to Hide, 310 pages, to compensate for failure to release Snowden documents:
19 May 2014. The Intercept released 12 pages.
13 May 2014. Glenn Greenwald released 107 pages, some new, some previously published, some full pages, some page fragments.
5 May 2014. Related tally of redactions of Snowden releases:
30 April 2014. Add 19 pages to The Intercept.
30 April 2014. Add 2 pages to Dagbladet belatedly.
5 April 2014. Add 21 pages to The Intercept.
4 April 2014. ACLU offers NSA documents search: https://www.aclu.org/nsa-documents-search
If more lists please send: cryptome[at]earthlink.net
2 April 2014.
29 March 2014. Add 1 page to Der Spiegel.
22 March 2014. Add 3 pages to Der Spiegel.
22 March 2014. Add 2 pages to New York Times.
21 March 2014. Add 7 pages to Le Monde.
20 March 2014. Add 6 pages to The Intercept.
18 March 2014. Add 4 pages to Washington Post.
13 March 2014. Add 1 page to The Intercept.
12 March 2014. Add 35 pages to The Intercept.
12 March 2014. Add 62 pages to New York Times. Add 2 pages to NRC Handelsblad.
7 March 2014. Add 8 pages to The Intercept.
27 February 2014. Add 3 pages to Guardian.
25 February 2014. Add 11 pages to NBC News.
24 February 2014. Add 4 pages to The Intercept.
24 February 2014. Add *50 pages to The Intercept (7 pages are duplicates of GCHQ Psychology).
18 February 2014. Add *45 pages to The Intercept (37 pages are duplicates of release by NBC News).
Note: Between 10-17 February 2014, The Intercept disclosed fragments of Snowden pages and the New York Times referenced some but as far as known did not release them in full. If available please send link.
10 February 2014. Add 1 page to NRC Handelsblad (via Electrospaces.blogspot.com).
7 February 2014. Add 15 pages NBC News.
5 February 2014. Add 14 pages NBC News.
31 January 2014. Add 27 pages to CBC News.
27 January 2014. Add 47 pages to NBC News.
27 January 2014. Add 18 pages to Anonymous via New York Times.
16 January 2014. Add 8 pages to The Guardian.
* 14 January 2014. Add 21 pages to Information.dk (duplicate).
* 13 January 2014. Add 4 pages to Information.dk (duplicate).
Related Snowden Document and Page Count Assessment:
* 5 January 2014. Add 16 pages to Der Spiegel (30 December 2013. No source given for NSA docs). Tally now *962 pages (~1.7%) of reported 58,000. NSA head claims 200,000 (~.50% of that released).
4 January 2014. The source was not identified for *133 pages published by Der Spiegel and Jacob Appelbaum in late December 2013. They are included here but have not been confirmed as provided by Edward Snowden. Thanks to post by Techdirt.
Glenn Greenwald tweeted:
Glenn Greenwald @ggreenwald, 8:05 AM - 29 Dec 13
@Cryptomeorg @ioerror I had no involvement in that Spiegel article, ask them - and they don't say those are Snowden docs.
Matt Blaze tweeted, 11:24 AM - 2 Jan 14
matt blaze @mattblaze
If there are other sources besides Snowden, I hope journalists getting docs are careful to authenticate them (& disclose uncertainty).
3 January 2014. Add 13 pages to Washington Post.
3 January 2014. See also EFF, ACLU and LeakSource accounts:
2 January 2014. Add 1 page to Washington Post published 10 July 2013.
* 31 December 2013. Add 16 pages to Der Spiegel.
* 30 December 2013. Add 50 pages of NSA ANT Catalog by Jacob Appelbaum (no source given for NSA docs).
* 30 December 2013. Add 21 pages from 30C3 video by Jacob Appelbaum (no source given for NSA docs).
* 30 December 2013. Add 42 pages (8 duplicates) to Der Spiegel (no source given for NSA docs).
* 29 December 2013. Add 4 pages to Der Spiegel (no source given for NSA docs).
24 December 2013. Add 2 pages to Washington Post.
23 December 2013
We've yet to see the full impact of former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden's unauthorized downloading of highly classified intelligence documents.
Among the roughly 1.7 million documents he walked away with -- the vast majority of which have not been made public -- are highly sensitive, specific intelligence reports, as well as current and historic requirements the White House has given the agency to guide its collection activities, according to a senior government official with knowledge of the situation.
The latter category involves about 2,000 unique taskings that can run to 20 pages each and give reasons for selective targeting to NSA collectors and analysts. These orders alone may run 31,500 pages.
13 December 2013. Add 26 pages to Trojkan (SVT). Tally now 797 pages (~1.4%) of reported 58,000. NSA head claims 200,000 (~.40% of that released). Australia press reports "up to 20,000 Aussie files."
Rate of release over 6 months, 132.8 pages per month, equals 436 months to release 58,000, or 36.3 years. Thus the period of release has decreased in the past month from 42 years.
12 December 2013. Belatedly add 27 pages to Guardian and 18 pages to Washington Post.
21 November 2013. See also EFF and ACLU accounts:
Timeline of releases:
[See tabulation below for full timeline.]
5 October 2013
26 Years to Release Snowden Docs by The Guardian
Out of reported 15,000 pages, The Guardian has published 192 pages in fourteen releases over four months, an average of 48 pages per month, or 1.28% of the total. At this rate it will take 26 years for full release.
|27 February 2014||GCHQ Optic Nerve||3|
|21||16 January 2014||SMS Text Messages Exploit||8|
|20||9 December 2013||Spying on Games||2|
|18||18 November 2013||DSD-3G||6|
|19||1 November 2013||PRISM, SSO
|18||4 October 2013||Types of IAT Tor||9|
|17||4 October 2013||Egotistical Giraffe||20*|
|16||4 October 2013||Tor Stinks||23|
|15||11 September 2013||NSA-Israel Spy||5|
|14||5 September 2013||BULLRUN||6*|
|13||5 September 2013||SIGINT Enabling||3*|
|12||5 September 2013||NSA classification guide||3|
|11||31 July 2013||XKeyscore||32|
|10||27 June 2013||DoJ Memo on NSA||16|
|9||27 June 2013||Stellar Wind||51|
|8||21 June 2013||FISA Certification||25|
|7||20 June 2013||Minimization Exhibit A||9|
|6||20 June 2013||Minimization Exhibit B||9|
|5||16 June 2013||GCHQ G-20 Spying||4|
|4||8 June 2013||Boundless Informant FAQ||3|
|3||8 June 2013||Boundless Informant Slides||4|
|2||7 June 2013||PPD-20||18|
|1||5 June 2013||Verizon||4|
|9 July 2014||NSA Emails||1|
|18 March 2014||NSA SCALAWAG||2|
|18 March 2014||NSA MYSTIC||2|
|2 January 2014||Quantum Computer 2||10|
|2 January 2014||Quantum Computer||3|
|23 December 2013||NSA/CSS Mission||2|
|11 December 2013||Excessive Collection||9|
|11 December 2013||SCISSORS 2||7|
|11 December 2013||SCISSORS 1||4|
|11 December 2013||Yahoo-Google Exploit||6|
|11 December 2013||Cable Spying Types||7|
|11 December 2013||WINDSTOP||1|
|11 December 2013||Co-Traveler||24|
|11 December 2013||GSM Tracking||2|
|11 December 2013||SIGINT Successes||4|
|11 December 2013||GHOSTMACHINE||4|
|5 December 2013||Target Location||1|
|4 December 2013||FASCIA||2|
|4 December 2013||CHALKFUN||1|
|26 November 2013||Microsoft a Target?||4|
|4 November 2013||WINDSTOP, SSO, Yahoo-Google||14|
|30 October 2013||MUSCULAR-INCENSOR Google and Yahoo||4|
|14 October 2013||SSO Overview||4|
|14 October 2013||SSO Slides||7|
|14 October 2013||SSO Content Slides||9|
|4 October 2013||Tor||49|
|4 October 2013||EgotisticalGiraffe||20*|
|4 October 2013||GCHQ MULLENIZE||2|
|4 October 2013||Roger Dingledine||2|
|30 August 2013||Budget||17|
|10 July 2013||PRISM Slide||1|
|29 June 2013||PRISM||8|
|20 June 2013||Warrantless Surveillance||25*|
|7 June 2013||PPD-20||18*|
|6 June 2013||PRISM||1|
|Der Spiegel||* 1,278|
|17 January 2015||NSA Prepares for Cyber Battle||199|
|28 December 2014||NSA Attacks on VPN, SSL, TLS, SSH, Tor 197MB||666|
|14 September 2014||GCHQ STELLAR||26|
|14 September 2014||NSA Treasure Map||38|
|14 September 2014||NSA Treasure Map New||4|
|31 August 2014||NSA GCHQ Spy Turkey||34|
|23 June 2014||NSA German SIGADs||9|
|18 June 2014||NSA German Spying-2||200|
|16 June 2014||NSA German Spying||4|
|29 March 2014||NSA Spy Chiefs of State||1|
|22 March 2014||NSA SHOTGIANT 2||2
|31 December 2013||QFIRE||* 16|
|30 December 2013||TAO Introduction||* 16|
|30 Deceber 2013||QUANTUM Tasking (8 duplicates of QUANTUMTHEORY)||28*|
|30 December 2013||QUANTUMTHEORY||14|
|29 December 2013||TAO ANT COTTONMOUTH (images)
TAO ANT COTTONMOUTH (DE article)
|17 November 2013||ROYAL CONCIERGE (DE)
ROYAL CONCIERGE (EN)
|29 October 2013||NSA-CIA SCS||3|
|27 October 2013||NSA-CIA SCS||2|
|20 October 2013||Mexico President||1|
|20 September 2013||Belgacom||3|
|16 September 2013||SWIFT||3|
|9 September 2013||Smartphones||5|
|1 September 2013||French Foreign Ministry||0|
|31 August 2013||Al Jazeera||0|
|O Globo Fantastico||~87|
|7 October 2013||CSE Brazil Ministry||7|
|8 September 2013||Petrobas||~60|
|3 September 2013||Brazil and Mexico||20|
|New York Times||216|
|15 August 2015||NSA SSO Fairview Stormbrew Blarney (with Propublica)||74|
|4 June 2015
4 June 2015
|NSA Expands Phone Spying at Borders
NSA Expands Phone Spying at Borders 2
|22 December 2014||NSA Tracks Zarrar Shah||1|
|1 June 2014||NSA Identity Spying||4|
|22 March 2014||NSA Huawei SHOTGIANT||2|
|12 March 2014||NSA Stellarwind Classification
NSA FISA FAA Classification
NSA Cryptanalyist FISA Database
NSA Spying Timeline
|9 December 2013||Spying on Games||82*|
|23 November 2013||SIGINT Strategy 2012-2016||5|
|3 November 2013||SIGINT Mission 2013||22|
|28 September 2013||Contact Chaining Social Networks||1|
|28 September 2013||SYANPSE||1|
|5 September 2013||BULLRUN||4*|
|5 September 2013||SIGINT Enabling||3*|
|15 August 2015||NSA SSO Fairview Stormbrew Blarney (with NY Times)||74*|
|9 December 2013||Spying on Games||82*|
|5 September 2013||BULLRUN||4*|
|5 September 2103||SIGINT Enabling||3*|
|21 March 2014||CSE SNOWGLOBE||7|
|25 October 2013||NSA Hosts FR Spies||4|
|22 October 2013||Wanadoo-Alcatel||1|
|22 October 2013||Close Access Sigads||2|
|22 October 2013||Boundless Informant||2|
|22 October 2013||PRISM||11|
|19 November 2013||BOUNDLESSINFORMANT||13|
|12 March 2014||NSA Aids Dutch Anti-Piracy||2|
|8 February 2014||MIVD BoundlessInformant
|30 November 2013||Dutch SIGINT||3|
|23 November 2013||SIGINT Cryptologic Platform||1|
|27 November 2013||Muslim Porn Viewing||3|
|22 May 2015||US-UK-CA-AU-NZ Cellphone Spying||26*|
|24 March 2015||CSEC Cyber Threats||152|
|28 January 2015||CSE LEVITATION-FFU Project||21|
|30 January 2014||CSEC IP Profiling||27|
|10 December 2013||NSA-CSEC Partnership||1|
|10 December 2013||G8-G20 Spying||4*|
|2 December 2013||G8-G20 Spying||3|
|29 November 2013||G8-G20 Spying||1|
|The Globe and Mail||18|
|30 November 2013||CSEC Brazil Spying||18*|
|SVT (Swedish TV)||2|
|5 December 2013||Sweden Spied Russia for NSA||2|
|6 December 2013||NSA Spies Italy||3|
|11 December 2013||NSA Sweden FRA Relationship||1*|
|11 December 2013||NSA 5 Eyes Partners||1|
|11 December 2013||NSA Sweden FRA Agenda||8|
|11 December 2013||NSA Sweden FRA RU Baltic||1|
|11 December 2013||NSA GCHQ Sweden FRA COMINT||1|
|11 December 2013||NSA Sweden FRA XKeyscore Plan||5|
|11 December 2013||NSA Sweden FRA XKeyscore Sources||1|
|11 December 2013||NSA Sweden FRA XKeyscore Tor et al||3|
|11 December 2013||NSA Sweden FRA XKeyscore Slide||1|
|11 December 2013||NSA Sweden FRA Quantum 1||1|
|11 December 2013||GCHQ Sweden FRA Quantum||1|
|11 December 2013||NSA Sweden FRA Quantum Accomplishments||2|
|9 December 2013||NSA and Sweden Pact||3*|
|Jacob Appelbaum||* 71|
|30 December 2013||NSA Catalog||* 50|
|30 December 2013||NSA Catalog Video Clips||* 21|
|19 June 2014||NSA Partners||41*|
|14 January 2014||SSO (duplicate)||7*|
|14 January 2014||PRISM (duplicate)||11*|
|13 January 2014||5-Eyes Spy G8-G20 (duplicate)||4*|
New York Times
|27 January 2014||NSA Smartphones Analysis||14|
|27 January 2014||GCHQ Mobile Theme||4|
|25 February 2014||GCHQ Cyber Effects||11|
|7 February 2014||GCHQ Cyber Attack||15|
|5 February 2014||GCHQ Anonymous||14|
|27 January 2014||GCHQ Squeaky Dolphin||47|
|28 September 2015||NSA Rogue Olympics||21|
|24 September 2015||NSA-GCHQ 29 Documents||283|
|11 August||NSA SIGINT Philosopher||29|
|3 August 2015||NSA ECHELON||7
|16 July 2015||NSA Manhunting||8|
|1 July 2015||NSA XKeyscore and More||1,264|
|26 June 2015||NSA on NYT Warrantless Wiretap Story||13|
|22 June 2015||GCHQ 11 Filles||250|
|12 June 2015||NSA SID Hacker Interview||4|
|28 May 2015||NSA SID Today||23|
|22 May 2015||US-UK-CA-AU-NZ Cellphone Spying||26*|
|21 May 2015||NSA Medical Spying||10|
|19 May 2015||NSA SID NATO||19|
|18 May 2015||JTAC Attack Methodology||3|
|18 May 2015||NCTC Major Terrorism Figures||1|
|18 May 2015||Black Budget Bin Laden Raid||2|
|8 May 2015||NSA SKYNET||40|
|5 May 2015||NSA Black Budget SID RT10 WG Language||46|
|2 April 2015||NSA GCHQ JTRIG Argentina-Iran||7|
|10 March 2015||NSA Apple DPA Cryptanalysis||12|
|19 February 2015||GCHQ PCS Harvesting At Scale||32|
|10 February 2015||NSA Iran GCHQ||2|
|5 February 2015||DNI NATO Cyber Panel||3|
|4 February 2015||GCHQ Lovely Horse et al||5|
|13 December 2014||GCHQ Belgacom Hack||67|
|4 December 2014||NSA AURORA GOLD et al||63|
|10 October 2014||10 NSA Releases
Computer Network Exploitation Declass
National Initiative Task Security 2
National Initiative Task Security 1
Exceptionally Controlled Info Compartments
Exceptionally Controlled Info Pawleys
Exceptionally Controlled Information
Sentry Eagle 2
Sentry Eagle 1
Tarex Classification Guide
Whipgenie Classification Guide
|17 September 2014||NSA Visit by NZ Spy||2|
|5 September 2014||Masterspy Quadrennial Report 2009||32|
|25 August 2014||NSA ICREACH||55|
|12 August 2014||GCHQ Covert Mobile Phones Policy||6|
|5 August 2014||NCTC Terrorist Identifies||12|
|4 August 2014||US-NSA Pays Israel $500,000||2|
|4 August 2014||NSA-Israel Spying Pact 2013||3|
|4 August 2014||Israel-US Spying Pact 1999||16|
|25 July 2014||NSA Saudi Arabia||4|
|14 July 2014||NSA JTRIG Tools-Techniques||8|
|9 July 2014||NSA FISA Accounts||8|
|19 June 2014||NSA Partners||41*|
|19 May 2014||12 Various Pages||12|
|30 April 2014||GHOSTMACHINE-ECHOBASE
NSA Visit by GCHQ Lobban
PRISM with Olympics
|4 April 2014||GCHQ Full Spectrum Cyber
NSA 5-Eyes SIGDEV Conference
|20 March 2014||NSA Hunt Sysadmins||6|
|13 March 2014||NSA Third Party||1|
|12 March 2014||NSA Hammerchant||4
|7 March 2014||NSA Ask Zelda||8|
|24 February 2014||GCHQ Disruption||4|
|24 February 2014||GCHQ Online Deception
(7 pages duplicates of GCHQ Psychology)
|18 February 2014||GCHQ Psychology
37 Duplicates of NBC News
|18 February 2014||NSA-GCHQ Discovery||1|
|13 May 2014||A variety of documents||107|
|26 January 2015||Citizenfour Snowden Documentary High Definition (7-Zip MP4) (3.6GB)||~|
|25 January 2015||Citizenfour Snowden Documentary (7-Zipped MP4) (1.2GB)||~|
|23 May 2014||No Place to Hide (27MB)||310|
|16 August 2014||NSA GCHQ CSEC HACIENDA||26|
|25 November 2014||Vodafone GCHQ Cables List and Slides||72|
|22 January 2015||87 Citizenfour Screengrabs||87|
|New Zealand Herald||20|
|14 March 2015||GCSB Targets Solomons||2|
|10 March 2015||NSA-New Zealand Relationship||8|
|6 March 2015||GCSB XKeyscore 2||4|
|5 March 2015||GCSB XKeyscore||6|
|New Zealand Star Times||35|
|8 March 2015||GCSB XKeyscore 3||35|
Liberty versus Anarchy
Liberty Versus Anarchy
by Alvin Boyd Kuhn
* Typed and edited by Juan Schoch for educational research purposes. This notice is not to be removed.
The antonym of liberty is generally considered to be slavery, but in another direction the antonym can be anarchy. It surely needs no elaborate dissertation to demonstrate that liberty without regulation of what use is made of it can run amuck into license, into anarchy.
When Plato and Socrates in the Athenian Academy undertook to determine by the profoundest dialectic how man might learn to know and to do the thing that was good, their every effort brought them in the end to the necessity of asking the question: good – for what? They found that the good of a thing or act was in every instance only determinable by knowing the good purpose it was to subserve. One must know specifically what anything is good for.
It is much the same with so broad and general a thing as liberty. In the present critical junction of world affairs, when the issue between two most powerful parties is ostensibly freedom of bondage, it seems highly necessary that the great and momentous principle so loosely termed liberty should be dialectically scrutinized with a view to bringing it to a sounder basis of specific determination. As a preliminary observation it might be said perhaps that more important than liberty itself in the final issue is the question of what use is made of it.
It is of course a commonplace item of knowledge that with liberty goes obligation; that freedoms and exemptions from tyranny are not completely gratuitous, but demand some measure of obligation, restriction or performance to make them possible in the first place. It is a venerable axiom in law that a state can not guarantee liberty to its citizens unless they surrender at least a fringe – and it may need to be a wide fringe – of their complete or absolute freedom. For in the simplest terms a state can not be a state unless its citizenry delegates to its executive government the power to bridle, restrict and regulate certain actions of its individuals. No state can grant to its people the complete liberty to do as they please. This would yield the anomalous situation of a people organizing a government which would abrogate all governing. Each individual of a state must empower the central authority to exercise certain forms of control over his own actions so that a uniform control can be established. No government can exist until the whole community agrees upon certain concepts or principles of uniform behavior by the enforcement of which they aim to obviate anarchy and establish a settled order, and then delegate the right to enforce these codes upon the whole group. In effect it can be stated that the citizen in a democracy voluntarily surrenders a portion of his liberty to the state in order that he and all others may be secured in the exercise of a large measure of individual freedom.
The constant and vital question, then, is at what point to draw the line between the margin of liberty delegated and the portion reserved. In a democratic nation this eventuates in the prescription of what things the individual member may do and what he may not do. With the power delegated to it by the citizenry the central governing body determines what rules shall be put in force in the community and these enactments become “laws.”
All this is elementary, but we step from rudiments to most abstruse complexity the moment we consider what laws are best for the welfare of all and then face the final question of fixing the standards or codes of values by which the good of any and all laws is to be gauged. The point developed here is crucial not only for establishing a well-ordered society, but for regulating our lives in general. In the margin of power we delegate to central government we must all act alike; but in the portion reserved we may act differently from our fellows. So liberty is to be considered under its two aspects, liberty in society and individual liberty.
In both phases the ever-insistent and always ultimate question is: liberty to do what? It is a sad matter of fact that in the majority of the people in democracies the ideas associated with the term “liberty” are so vague and undefined as to be largely fatuous. To most minds the term simply connotes a general notion of absence of interference, a massive sense of license to do whatever one might wish to do. And the most fatuous form of its general conception is unhappily found in the form of persuasion that liberty gives the right to do nothing at all, or at any rate to do as little as one must to keep going. Most generally with liberty goes the idea that one may get by with the minimum of activity necessary. People resent the idea of the government stepping in to compel them to do something, entirely oblivious of the preciousness of the government’s guaranteeing them the freedom to do the things they like best to do. The point in the discussion here may seem to be a bit overdrawn, but it is made to accentuate the idea that all too universally the popular conception of liberty is negative with little or no realization of the supreme ultimate importance of knowing what to do with it positively. What we do when we have liberty determines our life and destiny. What to do with liberty is the eternal question confronting the individual and society.
There must be much truth in the observation that what one does with leisure time provides a most telling key to one’s character, quality and status of being. The common phrase, “to kill time,” is ominous in our current society. That free time is not everywhere regarded as a thing in itself, pregnant with opportunity, eagerly to be grasped and utilized for the thing one’s life is most keenly devoted to accomplishing, is an evidence of the aimlessness and meaninglessness of our world consciousness today. The psychologist Jung has declared that, even before the First World War “Europe is a madhouse,” and assigned as the reason, the total want of philosophical purposefulness in the European family. For if all action under law is determined by some standard of evaluation of what is best, we come to the recognition at last that philosophy, the science that would give us these standards and norms of value, is the science of ultimate human importance.
It is and must be so, because in the end it is the science that determines what use we shall make of all other sciences. It fully deserves the eminent rank which the ancients accorded to it in designating it as the Kingly Science, or the King of Sciences. Humans can not live without philosophy. Millions naively assume that philosophy plays no material part in their lives. They are mistaken. It may be an “Irish” way of stating it, but the truth is that if one asserts that he has no philosophy, he has a very bad one. Action can hardly be without motive or reason, and the motive, whatever it be, constitutes the rudiment of a philosophy. And the portentous fact of the matter is that if it is not in some way the element of a right philosophy, evil consequences flow from it. The “noble eightfold path” designed to implement the four truths of Buddhism includes always right knowledge, right motive, right action. The difference between one’s philosophy being a right one and an erroneous one generates the difference between happiness and tragedy.
It is the general conception that democracy provides the citizenry with the minimum margin of restriction and compulsion, and the largest area of freedom. As long as freedom in this major portion of the citizen’s life is denied, liberty is the prime issue in the nation’s life. But from the moment this generous amount of freedom is guaranteed, the issue of liberty ceases to be important. The crucial issue then becomes the question of what the individuals in the nation shall do with their liberty. The concern then shifts from the possession of liberty to the use to be made of it. The possession of freedom is hardly a positive thing in itself; it only provides the basic opportunity to live. How to live and what to live for then loom as the crucial concerns in our mortal life.
The discussion of the theme takes on major significance in view of the fact that certain religio-philosophical cult movements today are emphasizing liberty as in itself the heart and nub of their teachings and preachings. The word is made a shibboleth embodying the essence of a complete living philosophy all by itself. The liberty indicated is of course not in the political area but in the religious, philosophical and intellectual domain. The devotees of such cults are urged to cut themselves loose from any and all traditional systems proffering codes of moral, spiritual and philosophical truth.
The keynote of the preachment is that the soul of man can not burgeon out into the full glory and ecstasy of its innate potentiality as long as it binds itself mentally under the influence of any set of traditional forms of belief. The individual is exhorted to stand free in his divine liberty, released from the evil inhibitions of all forms of mental imposition, even of his own making. This indoctrination goes so far as to declare that all the endeavors of the human spirit to seek the true, the beautiful and the good – for these are the ultimate aims of religion and philosophy, art and culture – have been so much wasted effort, so much inconsequential rubbish. The gospel is simply the quest of freedom. No obligation is recognized by cult leaders to instruct their following in what
use to make of their freedom. In fact it is preached that one should not seek to learn what should be done with the minds thus emptied of all content of specific knowledge. The claim on which all this is based is that when the mind has been entirely cleared of all the rubbish of worldly culture, divine transports of transcendental felicity and seraphic bliss will quickly fill up the vacant area of consciousness. As long as a mind is cluttered up with debris of religion, philosophy, psychology and even science, the absolute ecstasy can not supervene.
One, however, is prompted to ask if this is not legitimately comparable and analogous to the folly of giving a primary schoolboy a slate, on which he could learn the rudiments of reading, writing and arithmetic and the wisdom they can yield, but told he dare not write anything on it. The cult persuasion and teaching is that the free spirit of man should not be bound by such things as the laws of thought, the canons of reason, literary modes of communicating ideas or the science of number and the relations of the data confronting us in life.
It has been a canon of truth widely accepted in the most intelligent circles that there is no liberty save under law. To announce liberty without codes of right and standards of truth to be obeyed in the exercise of it is to proclaim anarchy through the land to all the inhabitants thereof. It needs to be said with some vigor, in view of the appeal of such cult “philosophies” to uncritical thousands in our democracy, that liberty, divorced from sound philosophy, liberty that flouts the principles of universal law and the canons of truth, liberty that scorns organic knowledge and would destroy the work of the intellect, is only a substanceless will-o’the-wisp, a mirage, a phantom of a dream. It is indeed a fatal fire to lure deluded visionaries on to loss of life’s true good. Such liberty is moral, intellectual and philosophical anarchy, because it recognizes no law except to obey its inner urge to consummate a promised delirium of bliss.
As there is always the possibility that philosophical anarchy can clash with the due obedience to a state’s political statutes, it has at times become necessary for governments to restrict the exercise of such intellectual freedoms. It seems not to be generally known that the early Christians were persecuted by the Roman Emperors, not because of their religion, as Rome tolerated many diverse forms of cult religion at that time, but because of their disregard of certain of the political statutes, particularly the one forbidding meetings at night. Since then religious bodies themselves have found it perilous to permit unbounded “anarchy of the free spirit” to run riot in their communions. Such freedom can at times overthrow long-established institutions and governments, so that in the end society stands or falls by the sort of philosophy its larger units develop. Only by a right philosophy will we be safeguarded from letting our liberty slip into anarchy.
Nietzsche, it was, who said that he who would be a superman must live dangerously. But all live dangerously, for life itself is dangerous. The possibility of calamity hovers near at all times. And in this sense, liberty is one of the most dangerous things that can be given to mortals, so dangerous that it never can be given on absolute terms. This is self-evident for the simple reason that it gives carte blanche to do the wrong thing as well as the right. A government can only try to imitate the laws of life, which, in granting liberty to its children, affixes penalties to violations of what it establishes as right. Any philosophical system which preaches liberty without defining some basic principles by which conduct is to be regulated and order and security maintained is simply basking in idealistic moonshine. Life must grant its children liberty, and so must governments, and if a philosophical system aims to do the same, it must prescribe the laws of thought and of truth in harmony with which life may be lived in beatitude.
If people let the government decide what foods they eat and what medicines they take, their bodies will soon be in as sorry a state as are the souls of those who live under tyranny.
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Top U.S. companies at war with Christians
SoT - Paul Craig Roberts Pt 2: The U.S. Faces Catastrophic Financial Risk
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The Education of LOVE
The Education of LOVE
by Alvin B. Kuhn
* Electronically typed and edited by Juan Schoch for educational research purposes. This notice is not to be removed.
In a recent article in the NEW OUTLOOK – “Why Not Try Love?” – we suggested in the final sentence that Prof. Ashley Montagu (author of On Being Human) should now write a book on The Education of Love. A NEW OUTLOOK editor was moved to propose that perhaps we should try our hand at the job in the meantime, and so this article will be a hesitant and tentative effort to present some ideas on this tremendous theme.
To begin with, the attempt is complicated by the fact that in the eyes of the world-at-large love just does not need any education. Love is, in this respect, regarded somewhat as being equivalent to the sex feeling, which without any particular education knows what it is commissioned to do, dictates its own terms, and sweeps through spontaneously to its objectives. Love and sex are indeed closely akin to each other, as integrated aspects of the same great force, and love should be, and in very great measure surely is, the generator of education. Indeed, it probably outranks all other motivations as a force driving humans to educative activities. Love of music, love of adventure, of philosophy, of power, of money, of nature, of humanity; romantic love and Platonic love – all inspire or drive us to train, discipline and educate ourselves.
With this view goes the common presumption that love is unerring and infallible in its aim and in its wisdom. Love is sure that it can never be wrong; it seems to carry its own justification with it, furnishes its own proof, and ever vindicates its rightness. To this universal opinion it may be necessary, in an ultimate sense, to give assent. One must surely be rightly oriented with life and truth if one’s actions are generated and inspired by love. Yet default of Love is the great human shortcoming, the saddest and most tragic human dereliction, the deplorable cause of most of man’s gross inhumanity to man.
If our answer is correct, if our analysis stands up, love can never be wrong in its motivation, in its aim and objective, but it can be quite wrong in the choice of objective and its particularized mode of striving toward that objective.
Love is a principle evolved by Life to further its advance toward its own objective, which is, ultimately, the greater evolution of consciousness, and as such, love can never be wrong. But love as the force that dictates given actions in given cases, love as the judge that determines the choice of particular procedures, may (and all too frequently does) err in its judgments. One may love the wrong thing or the wrong person. Too often we love things, hobbies, interests, addictions, or people that work to our detriment and injure others as well as ourselves. We love our minor or major forms of habit, our pet foibles; we cling to our vices or our insane habitudes.
Perhaps this is using the word “love” in a sense not fully consistent with what it should connote for the purposes envisaged in our discussion. But if we deal with the word we must take it in the connotations it carries in common speech and common thought. There can not be too wide a distinction made between variant uses of the term – between love of such things as card-playing, baseball, dancing, fishing, an automobile, a person, a pet dog, a book, a sonata, on the one hand; and love of beauty, truth and goodness in the abstract, on the other.
In all such cases, love is the set or cast of feeing directed upon or wrapped up in the particular object loved. It is psychologically the same kind of force poured out upon a variety of things. The difference in the things loved may mark distinctions in its character, its purity, its measures of force, or differentiations in its feeling modes. But all its manifestations must still be subsumed under one nature and definition. Love is still one thing, however wide the range and difference of its objectives. One can even be in love with love itself, just as consciousness can be made the object of its own activity.
Again, it is strange that love should be ideally regarded as infallible when another universal shibboleth says that “love is blind.” This old adage seems to say that in the sweep and strength of its great nobility of motive, love will overlook all considerations of advantage or disadvantage, gain or loss, good or evil choice. It sees only the glory of its main consecration in an all-enveloping aura of attractiveness, and by the very beauty of this picture it will be prevented from seeing subsidiary facts or items that may come in to defeat its splendid expectations.
Oddly, too, while revered Scriptures assert love to be the consummate attribute, the synthetic principle of all righteousness, and the fulfillment of all law, they do not give it the first place in a practical program of human effort. They do not say “without love the people perish,” but, “without vision the people perish.” They do not say, with all thy getting get love, as more precious than rubies, and sweeter than honey, and greater than all the things one can desire. The Scriptures say, first and foremost, get wisdom, get understanding.
We are not told that the cause of all human ill and tragedy is the want or default of love; that one great cause is named ignorance. The Buddha ascribed all human suffering to ignorance alone. Hermes – greatest, perhaps, of all teachers – says that “the vice of a soul is ignorance; the virtue of a soul is knowledge.”
Socrates and Plato spent years in the search to find and name what constitutes the good in life, and the conclusion to which dialectical reasoning forced them, every time, was that the ultimate good thing is knowledge. The want of knowledge, they found, generated all evil. In short, they demonstrated, by the most invincible logic, that being or doing good in every case depended on knowing: knowing first what was the good thing to do, then knowing best how to do it.
Platonic philosophy institutes a distinction – and a crucial one – between what is good and what is right. It determines that a thing is good only and always when it is also right. The “good” motive or objective of an act guarantees neither its rectitude nor its beneficence. It provides no certainty that the act might not inflict wreckage or do injury, as it will if guided by a wrong course of procedure. Thus, we may conclude, Love will wish to do that which is always good.
But, the philosophers asked, how is the always fallible human going to know of a certainty what the good thing is? Love may be yearning and aching to perform the good service; but does it know surely how that service can best be rendered? The necessity of having love-impulses directed by knowledge is obvious, and it should simplify our discussion to realize that if love yearns to achieve its objectives it must know how to implement the procedures that will bring them about.
Both abstruse Greek dialectic and plain simple thinking, therefore, give us the proper answer to the query about love’s education. We have it in the obvious realization that love as an emotion is only one half of the potential, the other half – almost always left out of consideration – being knowledge. And this amounts to saying (what idealists are too often impatient and reluctant to hear) that if the deep and loving aspirations and devotions of the heart are to eventuate in good, and not run the imminent risk of working injury, they must call in the services of the head.
Now, it is a striking fact that in all highly “spiritual” religious philosophy, the “heart” attributes of man’s consciousness have been given precedence in importance and vital function over the “head” qualities. Nearly all movements in religious history aiming to bring about the spiritual unity and fraternity of mankind, have worked on the presumption that if only the heart of the masses can be brought to an attitude of mutual love and brotherhood, the ideal of a world at peace in the community of love can be directly achieved.
The odd thing about this belief is that, judging by the multitudinous prevalence and the sincere and earnest character of the movements so generated and motivated, the “heart” is already in right posture and relation to the task! Thousands of religious movements and cults, practically without exception, proclaim their consecration to the principle of a loving attitude and purpose, and their wish to extend their love to all others; or to meet all others in the spirit of love.
What is it, then, that continues to hold such movements aloof from each other and defeat their fraternization? The sad answer is: the head. While “hearts” beat together in a common accord and good will, minds generate points of disagreement. It is ever the head that blocks the way to what the heart approves or desires, and because the mind is the perpetual obstacle and divider, it has gained the disfavor and obloquy of religionists generally. The tendency, then, has mostly been to ignore, disregard and suppress the mind, so that the force of pure spiritual love may drive unobstructed toward its goal.
A better discernment makes it apparent that this attitude is mistaken. It disowns and dodges the obligation to take action for unity in the very quarter where right action would bring positive results! Granted, the mind causes difference and division, and blocks the road to amity. Then, must it not be through the mind that the possibility of unity can be recognized?
The pacifist spirit of most religionism has dictated the policy of avoiding the clash of opposing views, and shying away from religious controversy. The result has been a reciprocity of sullen silence, broken only by occasional insinuations of error, or mild protest and criticism. Love is thus perpetually deprived of its chance to exercise its miracle-working power of dissolving hatreds and reconciling differences. If we are to love our enemies, we must at least have the opportunity to come to know them – even if, at first, we know them only as embattled opponents. Love cannot fight in the dark or at too great a distance.
If the mind divides, then the mind must learn how to bring dissident elements together in harmony, and to discover the grounds for harmony. There lies the field and the necessity of the mind’s education.
As Plato and Socrates so clearly demonstrated, love must end its blindness, open its mental eyes, and become intelligent. Else its sweet and gentle overtures, put out in the welter of human ignorance and passions, greeds and lusts, will merely make it the sheep-like sacrificial victim led to the slaughter – and that, perhaps, with little really sweet savor rising from the altar to titillate the nostrils of deity! I suggest that in all likelihood the Scriptural injunction urging spiritual aspirants to be both gentle as doves and wise as serpents was motivated by this understanding.
Thus it is evident that the education of love lies in the realm of the mind, it being assumed that the heart – the disposition to love one’s fellows – is already rightly oriented to the task. This shifts the problem from the heart to the head, from right feeling to right intelligence.
At once this conclusion seems to the ardent idealist to throw a wet blanket over the glowing fire of the love-motive, to check or even to extinguish the flame of divine beauty. It is felt that love is its own law, and should not need to undergo rigorous training, the dull routine of learning, of discipline. Its spontaneous impulses of beauty and generosity are deemed sufficient to set their own standards of wisdom. Love, it will be said, can be trusted to bring to all questions and situations its own automatic discernment and decisive understanding.
To this faith, there can only be offered the contrary verdict of both history and general observation. The glowing claims of love’s certitude and invariable rightness must give way before the record of its constant blundering. Or, if it does often act with happy consequences, this is evidence that, to some extent, it must have already had much education. We must recognize as a self-evident fact that to love effectively, beneficently, one must love wisely. If nothing else does so, marriage definitely has proved that the business of loving, faces almost certain wreckage or failure, unless it is salvaged by the counsels of the head.
To bring out the sweet melodies and harmonies of the love-capability in the human psyche, one must master the infinitely complex artistry of striking the right chords on all four of the elements of our psychic life: sense, emotion, thought, and highest spirit. Whether the realization chills or thrills us, loving is not merely a matter of the sheer vehemence of our fervent love-impulse. It is rather a matter of being able, when highly inspired by love’s divine ardor, to strike those chords that will blend in sweet and soothing harmony, instead of producing a rasping discord. Ultimately, this demands adeptship in the whole science of living.
October 5, 2015 | Permalink
Francis Bacon and the Merchant of Venice: An amazing talk and demonstration given by Simon Miles
Wonderfully amazing and spectacular Simon!
Ref: http://sirbacon.org (thank you Larry!)
Francis Bacon and the Merchant of Venice
Launcelot : "This making of Christians will raise the price of hogs;
rasher: Late 16th century [Origin unknown] A thin slice of bacon or ham.
What difference does it make that Francis Bacon wrote the works of "Shakespeare"? Well for one thing, it helps makes sense of some of the best jokes in the plays. One of these jests not only resolves a nagging question at the heart of The Merchant of Venice, but does so with such biting wit and apt metaphor as to leave no other conclusion than: Bacon wrote this play.
The Merchant of Venice tells the story of Antonio, (the merchant of the title), and his friend Bassanio. For reasons not explicitly spelled out in the play, Bassanio has run up debts. As he needs more money urgently, Antonio kindly agrees to provide security on a loan from the Jewish moneylender, Shylock. The condition of forfeit of the loan on which Shylock insists is the "pound of flesh" which provides the striking image at the core of the play's action:
Shylock "...let the forfeit
For all its gruesome fascination, Shylock's choice of this particular forfeit for the loan of a "pound of flesh" is never really explained in the play. With the opportunity to strike any terms that met his heart's desire, why would he, indeed why would anyone, want such a reward? It's apparent cruelty is matched only by its seeming pointlessness.
When Antonio's ventures fail, and the forfeit inevitably falls due, the matter comes to trial in Act IV. Even when questioned here, Shylock himself seems unwilling or unable to quite put his finger on why he wants it. The Duke tells Shylock he expects him to change his mind at the last-minute, rather than go through with such a "strange" idea:
Duke: "I think...thou'lt show thy mercy and remorse, more strange
In response, Shylock shows he can understand that they are itching to know why he demands this particular forfeit, but equally makes clear that he need not, nor will not, satisfy their curiousity in order to collect his right and due.
Shylock: "You'll ask me why I rather choose to have
A little later, he asks the question again:
Shylock: "Pray you tell me this;
For the citizens of Venice, not to mention audiences, Shylock's motivation for his strange request remains unpursued and the answer left hanging. The author is inviting us to figure it out: why the pound of flesh?
One suggestion of commentators is that Shylock is referring to circumcision; that perhaps the Jew is talking about Antonio's foreskin. For all it's ingenuity, this solution falls short. It might account for the "flesh", but hardly for the "pound". Without further information, it would seem that the question resists a straightforward answer. For example, if one could know that the play was based on the author's own experience, perhaps there might be a clue there. For unyielding adherents to the quaint doctrine that the actor Shaxper from Stratford wrote the plays, no such possibility exists and the question remains not only unanswered, but unasked.
Indeed, orthodox scholar Harold Bloom writing about The Merchant of Venice in his recent book, Shakespeare and the Invention of the Human, laments that we cannot know such biographical details, and yet acknowledges an intuition that this play might be based on experience:
"Leslie Fiedler once wrote that Antonio was a "projection of the author's private distress" which counts as interesting guesswork, but no more."
By recognising that the core action of the play reflects an incident from the life of Francis Bacon, we shall be able to leave behind "interesting guesswork".
At the time the play is generally accepted to have been written (1600), Francis Bacon was constantly in and out of debt. Left virtually penniless by his omission from his father Sir Nicholas Bacon's will, he was, for all intents and purposes, a briefless barrister with no visible means of support. Nevertheless, he managed to maintain and employ a group of writers he refers to as as his "scrivenery", or "company of good pens", throughout this period. This enterprise, literally creating from the ground up the English literary rennaissance by translating, writing, collating and printing all manner of books, undoubtedly soaked up considerable funds. This was in addition to his living expenses, maintenance of Twickenham Lodge, and his chambers and lodgings at Grays Inn. Throughout this period, even his orthodox biographers agree: he was without apparent means.
The hidden source of funds which kept him afloat came from Queen Elizabeth, his unacknowledged mother, as Alfred Dodd conclusively demonstrates in Francis Bacon's Personal Life Story. However, he was also frequently obliged to resort to borrowing money to keep his enterprises afloat. On one occasion, he narrowly avoided going to debtors prison for a small sum (300 Pounds) he owed to a Jewish moneylender named Sympson. It was his dearly loved brother Anthony who rescued him on that occasion, and who frequently came to his financial assistance throughout this period of his life. The details of the incident with the moneylender are described in two letters which have come down to us .(Spedding, Vol IX, 106 to 108).
The play is based around Francis and Anthony Bacon's experience at that time. This is confirmed by the names of the characters. The helpful brother is Antonio, standing for Anthony, while Bassanio represents the Francis Bacon figure. As Virginia Fellows points out:
"Even more obviously directed to Antony is Francis's loyalty in friendship as enacted in The Merchant of Venice, the friendship between Antonio (Antony) and Bassanio (Bacon - in French and Italian a single "c" is pronounced "s")"
In other words, if one were to read the name "Bacon" in Italian, the letter "c" would take the soft pronunciation, and one would pronounce it "Basson". Hence: Bassanio!
The Merchant of Venice gives therefore both the names and the circumstances of Francis and his brother Anthony Bacon at the time the play was written. With this in mind, much of the emotional landscape of the play springs into focus. For example, commentators have puzzled over the exact nature of Antonio and Bassanio's close relationship. The real reason Antonio is perfectly willing to help his "dear friend" Bassanio is not because they are homosexual lovers, as some Stratfordian wits would have it, but because they are brothers.
The identification of Bassanio as Francis Bacon also sheds light on the reason, not given explicitly within the play, for his outstanding debts. The funds have been spent on the maintenance of the "company of good pens", that is, on the heavy expenses of printing and publishing the endless stream of books being made available in English. Anthony Bacon was an intimate co-worker with Francis in this project, so that he can assume that Antonio knows what he is referring to when he describes his financial situation in Act 1:
Bassanio: "Tis not unknown to you, Antonio,
In other words, Bassanio is saying: "Antonio: you know that all my resources have gone into funding a certain 'something' which costs much more than the means I have". That 'something' was the making of books, and making books costs money.
If it's true then that identifying Bacon as the author of Merchant of Venice sheds light on some of the questions left unanswered in the play, what about the "pound of flesh" riddle? Keeping in mind that Shylock's forfeit is due from the brothers Bacon, the question answers itself:
Why did Shylock the Jew want a pound of Antonio's flesh?
Because it was a pound of Bacon!
This pun must have been all but irresistible to Francis, who as a contemporary described him "could never pass up the oppportunity for a jest". Aside from providing such an arresting image around which to arrange the plot furniture, it is also a penetrating observation on the strength of the taboo-breaking urge. The "pound of flesh" represents that thing, in Shylock, or in any of us, that we unconsciously desire more than anything else. Often, this is the same as the very thing we are forbidden to have. For a Jew, it's the old joke of "kosher bacon". Steven Spielberg tells in an interview of dreaming of eating a bacon sandwich, something he has taken great pains to avoid all his (waking) life.
Shylock is unconsciously revealing his attraction for the very thing which he has denied and suppressed. This then is the answer which Shylock himself could not give, precisely because it was the expression of his unspoken unconscious desire.
Rereading the play with this joke in mind enlivens the frequent metaphors revolving around eating: for example, dining seems to be on everyone's mind in Act One:
Lorenzo: My Lord Bassanio, since you have found Antonio,
Food is also the first topic of conversation between Shylock and Bassanio, when the moneylender rejects out-of-hand any possibility of eating with the gentile:
Shylock: May I speak with Antonio?
Curiously, a little later in the play, he relents, and decides to share a meal with the brothers. The words he uses provide confirmation that the author is indeed playing with the pun of "flesh" being "bacon", by stating plainly that he will "feed upon" his rival:
Shylock: I am bid forth for supper, Jessica...But yet I'll go in hate, to feed upon the prodigal Christian
If indeed Bacon did make a joke about his name in The Merchant of Venice, it certainly would not be the first or only time he made such a pun. Francis employed the image of the boar in his heraldic coat of arms. It also turns up frequently in other symbolic devices appearing in the outpouring of Rosicrucian and other books of the time. Then there is the line in Merry Wives of Windsor "hang-hog is Latin for Bacon". Alfred Dodd discusses Bacon's use of exactly this joke, in the context of another of the names under which he masks his identity:
"If we take the last syllable of the name as an open hint, "Ham", we may not be far wrong in assuming the identity of the writer as Bacon, for is not Bacon, "Ham"? And if we remember that the word "lean" was sounded like the first syllable, "Lane", we get the anonymous letter writer jesting at the name of Bacon. He is a "Lean Ham", i.e. Laneham. This idea of playing with words to convey other meanings was quite characteristic of Francis Bacon's humour."
Macauley called Bacons Apopthegms the "finest jest-book in the language", so we can be certain Francis loved to do comedy. The Merchant of Venice was a gift to his brother Anthony in thanks for helping him in this part of this life. Something very similar appears to be also going on within the play itself. One could even say that the action of the play comes down to Bassanio's attempt to cheer Antonio up. At least, this is the conceit of the opening scene of the play. In the very first speech, Antonio/Anthony tells his companions Salararino and Solarino that he is feeling sad, for reasons he can't quite figure out...
Antonio: "In sooth, I know not why I am so sad:
His companions fail to cheer him up, nor are they any help him to him in understanding the cause of his "want-wit sadness". This is Antonio's real predicament. Then Bassanio takes the stage, and signals immediately his intention to provide the antidote to Antonio's blue mood: a good laugh.
If The Merchant of Venice is Francis Bacon's "thank you" gift to his brother, Anthony, it's also a joke to cheer him up. And now that we too are in on the gag, perhaps, some 400 years later, we can finally make a reply to Bassanio's opening question : when shall we laugh? Say, when? Ok, now we get it. The "pound of flesh" is a "pound of Bacon"! Nice one, Francis, nice one!
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Date: Wed, Sep 16, 2015 at 4:19 AM
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due to my abduction during most of 2014
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The Establishment want to get rid of Donald Trump / They want Bush to be the next US President. Is the fix in?
By Marilyn MacGruder Barnewall
September 15, 2015
NWO wants Bush to be the next US President. Is the fix in?
This 2016 pre-election season with 17 Republican candidates (now 16 with the withdrawal of former Texas Governor Rick Perry) is specifically designed to give the Republicans another loser: Jeb Bush.
“Oh,” you say, “that can’t happen. Donald Trump, Ben Carson, Ted Cruz and Carly Fiorina are far ahead of Jeb Bush in the polls, and it looks like we’ll get a conservative nominee this time. Jeb Bush has very little support from voters.”
Delegate votes rather than popularity of a candidate determine Presidential nominees. That system has been skewed by those who control the Republican National Committee (RNC) which, in turn, controls state and county Republican committees. This system has given us middle-of-the-road loser candidates like John McCain and Mitt Romney. Don’t get me wrong... I liked Mitt Romney, but though he was a fiscal conservative, he was a social liberal. I have no doubt Mitt would have been a far better President than the current White House occupant.
There is little doubt that conservatives have a very difficult time getting a conservative candidate nominated. Ronald Reagan is the last conservative Republican candidate nominated and that was 1980 and 1984 – and he was an anomaly. It is equally true that the GOP cannot win a national election without the support of conservative voters. What a nice conundrum!
If it’s impossible for Republicans to win a national election without conservative votes, it makes sense for the RNC to give the GOP a conservative Republican candidate. But politics isn’t about making sense. It’s about power... in this case, corrupted power run amok.
If a person who is more committed to the people than to the party is elected to the Presidency, that person can change the power structure of the Republican Party. The existing power structure of the Republican Party would rather see a Democrat elected than lose their power base. It’s as simple as that.
The problem for the powers that be is that people now know the system is totally corrupt and are demanding change. The problem for the people demanding change is they don’t understand the system and so don’t know what specific demands for change to make. The people see their freedoms lost – it used to be one-by-one, but is now a system-by-system loss: the system of justice which now decides which laws it will enforce, the system of legislative, judicial and executive balance set forth by the Constitution, our guaranteed rights to freedom of religion, the right to own guns, the right for business owners to refuse service to anyone they choose, and on and on.
So what is the GOP’s plan to surreptitiously nominate Jeb Bush?
To understand the process, you must understand the structure of the system. You must especially understand what is termed “proportional allocation of delegates,” especially in early-voting states.
Citizens appointed or elected as county and then state delegates are the ones who at the Republican Convention nominate the presidential candidate. It would take a book chapter not an article to explain the various rules and regulations in place in different states regarding winner-take-all versus proportional allocation rules. Since I don’t have a book or a chapter available, the following paragraphs will give you an overview. For more in-depth explanations, go here, and here, and here.
We tend to think that delegate votes reflect voter choice in primaries or state conventions. It’s a reasonable assumption but the RNC has put into place rules and regulations that thwart that logical approach. It’s the only way it can protect the liberal progressive power base currently controlling the Republican Party.
After the 2012 nomination of Mitt Romney, the RNC changed party rules designed to prevent a candidate of the people rather than of the party (read “conservative”) from getting the nomination. These rules require all state contests held from March 1st through March 14th, whether in caucus/convention or primary states, to allocate delegate committed votes on a proportional basis. As I understand it, that means if a candidate gets 20% of the vote in a state’s Congressional district, he/she gets 20% of the delegates from that district. If the candidate wins 5%, the state commits to the candidate 5% of the district’s delegates, etc.
Only four states are permitted to hold their caucuses/convention or primaries prior to March 1st of any national election year: Iowa, New Hampshire, South Carolina and Nevada. The rules adopted by the RNC make it all but impossible for any candidate to run up a sizeable delegate lead in the early state contests because there are numerous candidates still running. The states that are more conservative – the Southern states (including Texas, Virginia and North Carolina) have scheduled their contests during this time. Colorado, Iowa and Minnesota are also good voting grounds for conservatives and may hold their nominee contests by the March 15th deadline.
So what’s wrong with deciding which candidate the selected delegates will support on a proportional basis? What’s wrong with giving all candidates the percentage of delegates based on voter or convention results... the percentage of votes they received?
A popular candidate – like the four leading conservative candidates, Trump, Carson, Cruz and Fiorina -- could gain major delegate leads in these early, mostly conservative state primaries and conventions if it wasn’t for proportional allocation of delegates. Does the RNC believe the concept of proportional allocation of votes reflects the will of the people? If they did, Al Gore would have become President of the United States in 2000.
Instead, we have 16 candidates, each carefully selected for one of several reasons, so populist candidates will get far fewer delegates under proportional allocation because candidates that don’t stand a chance get one or two or three delegates. In other words, conservative candidates cannot build a lead during the time frame most conservative states hold their conventions and/or primaries.
If that doesn’t explain to you how important it is for you to get involved in local politics, nothing will. It is the only way we can take back control of our state and county Republican parties. If conservatives didn’t so dislike group power-based activities we could make a huge difference in the way things are forced upon conservatives. If you have time for church activities, for local service clubs, for bowling nights, you have time to devote to freedom which makes all of them possible.
In 2012, Mitt Romney won the Ohio nominating contest by only one point, but got 13 more delegates than Rick Santorum who came in second. Wisconsin is a winner-take-all state which Romney won by eight points and got all 24 delegates. Santorum won the North Dakota caucus but Romney was awarded 20 of the state’s 28 delegates to Santorum’s 6. How did this happen? Proportional allocation of delegates versus winner-take-all and the timing of each... the requirement that forces those states that hold their caucus/conventions or primaries during the March 1st through March 14th dates to allocate delegates on a proportional basis.
It is quite clear that the RNC has taken the nominating process from the hands of the people and placed it in the hands of... the Republican National Committee. It’s a bit like re-districting was handled when Congressman Allen West ran for re-election in Florida. The State of Florida carved out a district in which it was impossible for any conservative to win. Why? Col. West is a conservative and the Republicans wanted to get rid of him.
That’s how these rats are micro-managing and manipulating the nominating process so we cannot get conservative candidates elected.
However, there are even more maddening ploys being put in play to ensure Jeb Bush will be the Republican nominee for President.
It’s actually quite a dark plot – worthy of those who understand how to manipulate the political system to thwart the desires of the people. Understanding that a plan is in place answers a lot of questions. For example: “George Pataki? Why in the world would he enter the Republican race for the Presidency? Does anyone but New Yorkers know who he is?” For an answer, look at the number of delegate votes in high-population states. Or, “John Kasich? They know who he is in Ohio... but in Montana or Idaho?” Ohio is a high-population, high-delegate state. Former Virginia Governor, Jim Gilmore? Rick Santorum? High delegate states. Ted Cruz? High delegate state (though I don’t think Cruz would play ball in this kind of game).
First, why do we have 16 candidates in this ridiculous parade of mostly politicians who know – and knew from the day they entered the Presidential race – they have no chance of winning? Was it ego? Money? Patriotism? Or are they part of a plan to siphon delegates to Jeb Bush?
This is more than a conspiracy theory. It is a plot that makes all the sense in the world when you look at it through the dirty window of politics.
On March 1st – Super Tuesday – 601 delegates will be proportionally determined in Texas, Alabama, Tennessee, Vermont, Arkansas, Georgia, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Virginia. Look at how many of these states tend to vote conservative and remember how proportional assignment of delegates harms conservatives.
On Tuesday, March 8th, 130 delegates will be proportionally determined in Michigan, Idaho, and Mississippi.
On Sunday, March 13th, Puerto Rico (with 23 delegates) holds its delegate-assigning contest.
On Tuesday, March 15th, 234 delegates will be proportionally determined in Florida, Ohio, and Illinois.
A total of 974 delegates will be assigned to one candidate or another under the proportion allocation system. It only takes a couple of hundred more votes to gain the nomination!
In Ohio, John Kasich will get a lot of votes because he’s the Governor of that state and a favorite son. Does Kasich have a chance to win the nomination? He’s pretty far down in the polls so to say “it’s possible” is a bit of a stretch. Proportionally, he’s popular and will get a lot of delegates.
In Florida, Marco Rubio is a popular Senator and will draw many votes. In Virginia, people know who Jim Gilmore is and some will vote for him. Mike Huckabee will draw votes because he's the ex-Governor of that state – and he will draw votes from other Southern states because he’s a southerner. And he’ll pull votes from the Christian voter block in all states. He is a former pastor. Rick Santorum is well-known in Pennsylvania and will get Christian votes – especially Catholic votes – in all Bible Belt states... Oklahoma, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, etc. Rand Paul is popular in Kentucky and will get Libertarian votes in most states.
Do you see how carefully these candidates were selected for their ability to draw votes away from very popular conservative candidates?
Will any of these people actually win these contests? Donald Trump is (currently) so popular, it’s not likely (Kasich might in Ohio, Cruz might in Texas, Rubio might in Florida... all big delegate states).
What happens after the primaries and conventions... after delegates have been determined and promised to support this candidate or that? What happens is that we move on to the Republican National Convention where the candidate for the Office of the President of the United States is decided.
What happens when the Convention Secretary reads each state by name and each state responds by giving a list of candidates to whom proportional votes have committed delegates FOR THE FIRST ROUND OF VOTING?
Unless I’m mistaken, if no candidate is gets the required votes to gain the nomination as President of the United States on the first ballot, delegates may be released to vote for candidates of their choice. Or, the 16 candidates who never won a primary – maybe never even got more than 20% of the vote – can give their delegate votes to another candidate. And that’s why we had 17 presidential candidates from high population states with large numbers of delegates who have strong appeal to certain conservative splinter groups. Of those candidates, about half were plants, the rest were legitimate candidates. That’s why we had so many candidates who appeal to conservative splinter groups – anti-abortion, anti-gay marriage, anti-Obamacare, anti-Planned Parenthood, etc.
Do not be surprised if the candidate to whom they give their votes is named Jeb Bush. When that happens, it will tell you much about the character of the person who assigns his or her votes to Governor Bush. It will also tell you why they entered the race because this was their purpose from day one.
There is much more that could be said about the political mess we’ve allowed the National Republican Committee to make of the once proud and conservative-based party, but as I said, I only have one article, not a chapter or a book.
As we listen to the debates and as we near the caucus/convention and primary seasons, it is critically important that you vote and work for the best possible candidate, not a favorite son candidate or a favorite issue candidate. Find the best candidate with the best chance to win and vote for him or her.
© 2015 Marilyn M. Barnewall - All Rights Reserved
Marilyn MacGruder Barnewall began her career in 1956 as a journalist with the Wyoming Eagle in Cheyenne. During her 20 years (plus) as a banker and bank consultant, she wrote extensively for The American Banker, Bank Marketing Magazine, Trust Marketing Magazine, was U.S. Consulting Editor for Private Banker International (London/Dublin), and other major banking industry publications. She has written seven non-fiction books about banking and taught private banking at Colorado University for the American Bankers Association. She has authored seven banking books, one dog book, and two works of fiction (about banking, of course). She has served on numerous Boards in her community.
Barnewall is the former editor of The National Peace Officer Magazine and as a journalist has written guest editorials for the Denver Post, Rocky Mountain News and Newsweek, among others. On the Internet, she has written for News With Views, World Net Daily, Canada Free Press, Christian Business Daily, Business Reform, and others. She has been quoted in Time, Forbes, Wall Street Journal and other national and international publications. She can be found in Who's Who in America, Who's Who of American Women, Who's Who in Finance and Business, and Who's Who in the World.
Web site: http://marilynwrites.blogspot.com
Judge clears way for House of Representatives lawsuit challenging health law
Published September 09, 2015
WASHINGTON – A federal judge cleared the way Wednesday for a legal challenge by congressional Republicans to President Obama's health care law to proceed.
U.S. District Court Judge Rosemary M. Collyer ruled the House can pursue its claim that the administration violated the Constitution when it spent public money that was not appropriated by Congress. At issue is the more than $175 billion the government is paying health insurance companies over a decade to reimburse them for offering reduced health care co-payments for lower-income people.
The House argues that Congress never specifically approved spending that money, and in fact denied the administration's request for it. The Obama administration insists it is instead relying on previously allocated money that it is allowed to use.
"The House of Representatives as an institution would suffer a concrete, particularized injury if the Executive were able to draw funds from the Treasury without a valid appropriation," wrote Collyer, who was appointed to the federal bench in 2003 by President George W. Bush.
Department of Justice spokesman Patrick Rodenbush said the administration will seek to appeal the court's decision.
The lawsuit was filed last year against the departments of Health and Human Services and Treasury by Republicans frustrated by their inability to torpedo the President's signature heath care law through legislative action. The House has voted more than 50 times to repeal all or parts of the law known as Obamacare, only to be stymied in the Senate.
House Speaker John Boehner praised Wednesday's ruling, calling Obama's actions a "historic overreach." He said the House will press its case in the court. Collyer stressed that her ruling was merely procedural, and that Congress would still have to prove the merits of its case.
Federal Reserve, Remarks in Congress,  AN ASTOUNDING EXPOSURE
Federal Reserve, Remarks in Congress, 1934 AN ASTOUNDING EXPOSURE
|Henry Morgan <email@example.com>||Fri, Sep 4, 2015 at 2:09 PM|
The founding generation, those who fought and won their independence from the British Monarchy in 1776.... to become free men and women instead of "subjects"...... with no one in this world to answer to but each to himself.....tried mightily to ensure......that the legacy of individual liberty that they had won.....would be passed on to their descendants.
When I was a very young child my mother sought to impress upon me how lucky I was to have been born into the only truly free country on earth. She told me it meant that when I grew up, I could go anywhere I wanted, do anything I wanted, and be anything I wanted.....so long as I accomplished those things by my own efforts
without doing harm to anyone else or their property. (You don't hit people or take their stuff.)
I have gradually come to know over my 7 plus decades.....that she was right about what the founders intended......but that......unknown to her.....a change in our laws
had been made in 1913...a quarter century before I was born.....a half decade before she was born.......which had effectively suspended our birthright of true liberty......and made us all economic slaves. She was totally unaware that I had been born into a subtle form of economic slavery and that she too was enslaved.
Since 1913, a large portion of each American's productivity has been quietly siphoned off. It's as if a vampire bat had attached itself to the back of the neck of Paul Bunion (America) and it was, without his knowing, drinking a larger portion of his "blood" than slave owners had gotten from their slaves before slavery was abolished.
The "vampire" is a very small group of top international bankers. It is a parasite that is still, today, "drinking our blood", gradually killing America, destroying our inheritance of liberty, and causing wars, chaos and destruction on a planetary scale.
The vampire even succeeded in getting our Constitution amended twice, and just two laws passed in order to make their enormous "blood drinking" enslavement of Americans possible.
We can remove the vampire. It is within our power. We can restore the true liberty that the founders wanted us to have.....and pass it on to our children.
All it would take is the repeal of two bad Constitutional amendments and two bad laws.......and the vampire would dry up and blow away.
He never did create anything of value to us. He has always been just a clever parasite.
Fool me once, shame on you; fool me twice, shame on me.
Well the vampire has been fooling us, "eating our lunch", for a hundred and two years now.
Shame on us.
Here's how he did it.......
From: Barb Sponaugle [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org]
Sent: Thursday, September 03, 2015 6:31 PM
Subject: Federal Reserve, Remarks in Congress, 1934 AN ASTOUNDING EXPOSURE
Long compilation on the Fed that was worth my time to read. See Congressman McFadden’s old speeches further down this page, remarkable.
Obviously, PC was not cowering Americans in the early twentieth century. The media, ruled by six companies, is reducing the populace to sheep. Trump is throwing off the chains and, surprise, no one is dying from straightforward language. It’s refreshing and hopefully contagious. Barb
Woodrow Wilson waits until on his death bed to lament the Federal Reserve Act: Gee thanks: Is There a Doctor in the House of Representatives?
Once elected, President Wilson obeyed his dark masters and enacted unprecedented changes to our great Constitution. In that single year of 1913,President Wilson signed the Federal Reserve Act and the Revenue Act of 1913, chaining all future Americans to the dual horrors of the FED and the IRS. In order to make these acts binding and appear legitimate to Americans, President Wilson pushed through Congress two Constitutional Amendments: the 16th and 17th Amendments. These two amendments remain in our Constitution like a malignant cancer destroying the once healthy body of our great nation.
The year 1913 stands as the year that America changed forever and the seminal year in Federal Reserve history. It is time to repeal these amendments, and right the wrongs that Wilson did to our great nation.
President Wilson knew what he did was wrong. After serving the dark forces, he would later lament in his diary, “I have unwittingly ruined my country.”
Wilson also broke his campaign promises and took America into WW1, and later the failed League of Nations. Wilson shows us a revelation that Americans must guard against elected officials who guide us into unrighteous wars and desire to establish entangling international systems of rules, organizations and government.
Key Quote: “I am a most unhappy man. I have unwittingly ruined my country. A great industrial nation is controlled by its system of credit… all our activities are in the hands of a few men. We have come to be one of the worst ruled, one of the most completely controlled and dominated Governments in the civilized world, no longer a Government by free opinion, no longer a Government by conviction and the vote of the majority, but a Government by the opinion and duress of a small group of dominant men.”
Drs. Ron & Rand Paul were not the first Patriots to condemn the Federal Reserve.
On May 23, 1933, Congressman, Louis T. McFadden, brought formal charges against the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve Bank system, The Comptroller of the Currency and the Secretary of United States Treasury for numerous criminal acts, including but not limited to, CONSPIRACY, FRAUD, UNLAWFUL CONVERSION, AND TREASON.
The petition for Articles of Impeachment was thereafter referred to the Judiciary Committee and has
YET TO BE ACTED ON.
So, this ELECTRONIC BOOKLET should be reprinted, reposted,
set up on web pages and circulated far and wide.
on the Federal Reserve Corporation
Remarks in Congress, 1934
AN ASTOUNDING EXPOSURE
Reprinted by permission 1978 Arizona Caucus Club
Congressman McFadden's Speech
On the Federal Reserve Corporation
Quotations from several speeches made on the Floor of the House of Representatives by the Honorable Louis T. McFadden of Pennsylvania. Mr. McFadden, due to his having served as Chairman of the Banking and Currency Committee for more than 10 years, was the best posted man on these matters in America and was in a position to speak with authority of the vast ramifications of this gigantic private credit monopoly. As Representative of a State which was among the first to declare its freedom from foreign money tyrants it is fitting that Pennsylvania, the cradle of liberty, be again given the credit for producing a son that was not afraid to hurl defiance in the face of the money-bund. Whereas Mr. McFadden was elected to the high office on both the Democratic and Republican tickets, there can be no accusation of partisanship lodged against him. Because these speeches are set out in full in the Congressional Record, they carry weight that no amount of condemnation on the part of private individuals could hope to carry.
The Federal Reserve-A Corrupt Institution
"Mr. Chairman, we have in this Country one of the most corrupt institutions the world has ever known. I refer to the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Reserve Banks, hereinafter called the Fed. The Fed has cheated the Government of these United States and the people of the United States out of enough money to pay the Nation's debt. The depredations and iniquities of the Fed has cost enough money to pay the National debt several times over.
"This evil institution has impoverished and ruined the people of these United States, has bankrupted itself, and has practically bankrupted our Government. It has done this through the defects of the law under which it operates, through the maladministration of that law by the Fed and through the corrupt practices of the moneyed vultures who control it.
"Some people who think that the Federal Reserve Banks United States Government institutions. They are private monopolies which prey upon the people of these United States for the benefit of themselves and their foreign customers; foreign and domestic speculators and swindlers; and rich and predatory money lender. In that dark crew of financial pirates there are those who would cut a man's throat to get a dollar out of his pocket; there are those who send money into states to buy votes to control our legislatures; there are those who maintain International propaganda for the purpose of deceiving us into granting of new concessions which will permit them to cover up their past misdeeds and set again in motion their gigantic train of crime.
"These twelve private credit monopolies were deceitfully and disloyally foisted upon this Country by the bankers who came here from Europe and repaid us our hospitality by undermining our American institutions. Those bankers took money out of this Country to finance Japan in a war against Russia. They created a reign of terror in Russia with our money in order to help that war along. They instigated the separate peace between Germany and Russia, and thus drove a wedge between the allies in World War. They financed Trotsky's passage from New York to Russia so that he might assist in the destruction of the Russian Empire. They fomented and instigated the Russian Revolution, and placed a large fund of American dollars at Trotsky's disposal in one of their branch banks in Sweden so that through him Russian homes might be thoroughly broken up and Russian children flung far and wide from their natural protectors. They have since begun breaking up of American homes and the dispersal of American children. "Mr. Chairman, there should be no partisanship in matters concerning banking and currency affairs in this Country, and I do not speak with any.
"In 1912 the National Monetary Association, under the chairmanship of the late Senator Nelson W. Aldrich, made a report and presented a vicious bill called the National Reserve Association bill. This bill is usually spoken of as the Aldrich bill. Senator Aldrich did not write the Aldrich bill. He was the tool, if not the accomplice, of the European bankers who for nearly twenty years had been scheming to set up a central bank in this Country and who in 1912 has spent and were continuing to spend vast sums of money to accomplish their purpose.
"We were opposed to the Aldrich plan for a central bank. The men who rule the Democratic Party then promised the people that if they were returned to power there would be no central bank established here while they held the reigns of government. Thirteen months later that promise was broken, and the Wilson administration, under the tutelage of those sinister Wall Street figures who stood behind Colonel House, established here in our free Country the worm-eaten monarchical institution of the "King's Bank" to control us from the top downward, and from the cradle to the grave.
"The Federal Reserve Bank destroyed our old and characteristic way of doing business. It discriminated against our 1-name commercial paper, the finest in the world, and it set up the antiquated 2-name paper, which is the present curse of this Country and which wrecked every country which has ever given it scope; it fastened down upon the Country the very tyranny from which the framers of the Constitution sough to save us.
PRESIDENT JACKSON'S TIME
"One of the greatest battles for the preservation of this Republic was fought out here in Jackson's time; when the second Bank of the United States, founded on the same false principles of those which are here exemplified in the Fed was hurled out of existence. After that, in 1837, the Country was warned against the dangers that might ensue if the predatory interests after being cast out should come back in disguise and unite themselves to the Executive and through him acquire control of the Government. That is what the predatory interests did when they came back in the livery of hypocrisy and under false pretenses obtained the passage of the Fed.
"The danger that the Country was warned against came upon us and is shown in the long train of horrors attendant upon the affairs of the traitorous and dishonest Fed. Look around you when you leave this Chamber and you will see evidences of it in all sides. This is an era of misery and for the conditions that caused that misery, the Fed are fully liable. This is an era of financed crime and in the financing of crime the Fed does not play the part of a disinterested spectator.
"It has been said that the draughts man who was employed to write the text of the Aldrich bill because that had been drawn up by lawyers, by acceptance bankers of European origin in New York. It was a copy, in general a translation of the statues of the Reichsbank and other European central banks. One-half million dollars was spent on the part of the propaganda organized by these bankers for the purpose of misleading public opinion and giving Congress the impression that there was an overwhelming popular demand for it and the kind of currency that goes with it, namely, an asset currency based on human debts and obligations. Dr. H. Parker Willis had been employed by Wall Street and propagandists, and when the Aldrich measure failed- he obtained employment with Carter Glass, to assist in drawing the banking bill for the Wilson administration. He appropriated the text of the Aldrich bill. There is no secret about it. The test of the Federal Reserve Act was tainted from the first.
"A few days before the bill came to a vote, Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, of Massachusetts, wrote to Senator John W. Weeks as follows:
New York City,
December 17, 1913
"'My Dear Senator Weeks:
"'Throughout my public life I have supported all measures designed to take the Government out of the banking business. This bill puts the Government into the banking business as never before in our history. "'The powers vested in the Federal Reserve Board seen to me highly dangerous especially where there is political control of the Board. I should be sorry to hold stock in a bank subject to such dominations. The bill as it stands seems to me to open the way to a vast inflation of the currency. "'I had hoped to support this bill, but I cannot vote for it cause it seems to me to contain features and to rest upon principles in the highest degree menacing to our prosperity, to stability in business, and to the general welfare of the people of the United States.
Very Truly Yours,
Henry Cabot Lodge.'"
"In eighteen years that have passed since Senator Lodge wrote that letter of warning all of his predictions have come true. The Government is in the banking business as never before. Against its will it has been made the backer of horse thieves and card sharps, bootlegger's smugglers, speculators, and swindlers in all parts of the world. Through the Fed the riffraff of every country is operating on the public credit of the United States Government.
THE GREAT DEPRESSION
"Meanwhile and on account of it, we ourselves are in the midst of the greatest depression we have ever known. From the Atlantic to the Pacific, our Country has been ravaged and laid waste by the evil practices of the Fed and the interests which control them. At no time in our history, has the general welfare of the people been at a lower level or the minds of the people so full of despair.
"Recently in one of our States, 60,000 dwelling houses and farms were brought under the hammer in a single day. 71,000 houses and farms in Oakland County, Michigan, were sold and their erstwhile owners dispossessed. The people who have thus been driven out are the wastage of the Fed. They are the victims of the Fed. Their children are the new slaves of the auction blocks in the revival of the institution of human slavery.
The Scheme of the Fed
"In 1913, before the Senate Banking and Currency Committee, Mr. Alexander Lassen made the following statement: "The whole scheme of the Fed with its commercial paper is an impractical, cumbersome machinery- is simply a cover to secure the privilege of issuing money, and to evade payment of as much tax upon circulation as possible and then control the issue and maintain, instead of reducing interest rates. It will prove to the advantage of the few and the detriment of the people. It will mean continued shortage of actual money and further extension of credits, for when there is a shortage of money people have to borrow to their cost.' "A few days before the Fed passed, Senator Root denounced the Fed as an outrage on our liberties. He predicted: 'Long before we wake up from our dream of prosperity through an inflated currency, our gold- which alone could have kept us from catastrophe- will have vanished and no rate of interest will tempt it to return.'
"If ever a prophecy came true, that one did.
"The Fed became law the day before Christmas Eve, in the year 1913, and shortly afterwards, the German International bankers, Kuhn, Loeb and Co. sent one of their partners here to run it.
"The Fed Note is essentially unsound. It is the worst currency and the most dangerous that this Country has ever known. When the proponents of the act saw that the Democratic doctrine would not permit them to let the proposed banks issue the new currency as bank notes, they should have stopped at that. They should not have foisted that kind of currency, namely, an asset currency, on the United States Government. They should not have made the Government [liable on the private] debts of individuals and corporations, and, least of all, on the private debts of foreigners. "As Kemerer says: 'The Fed Notes, therefore, in form, have some of the qualities of Government paper money, but in substance, are almost a pure asset currency possessing a Government guarantee against which contingency the Government has made no provision whatever.'
"Hon. L.J.Hill, a former member of the House, said, and truly: "They are obligations of the Government for which the United States received nothing and for the payment of which at any time, it assumes the responsibility: looking to the Fed to recoup itself.'
"If this United States is to redeem the Fed Notes, when the General Public finds it costs to deliver this paper to the Fed, and if the Government has made no provisions for redeeming them, the first element of unsoundness is not far to seek.
"Before the Banking and Currency Committee, when the bill was under discussion Mr. Crozier of Cincinnati said: 'The imperial power of elasticity of the public currency is wielded exclusively by the central corporations owned by the banks. This is a life and death power over all local banks and all business. It can be used to create or destroy prosperity, to ward off or cause stringencies and panics. By making money artificially scarce, interest rates throughout the Country can be arbitrarily raised and the bank tax on all business and cost of living increased for the profit of the banks owning these regional central banks, and without the slightest benefit to the people. The 12 Corporations together cover y and monopolize and use for private gain- every dollar of the public currency and all public revenue of the United States. Not a dollar can be put into circulation among the people by their Government, without the consent of and on terms fixed by these 12 private money trusts.'
"In defiance of this and all other warnings, the proponents of the Fed created the 12 private credit corporations and gave them an absolute monopoly of the currency of these United States- not of the Fed Notes alone- but of all other currency! The Fed Act providing ways and means by which the gold and general currency in the hands of the American people could be obtained by the Fed in exchange for Fed Notes- which are not money- but mere promises to pay.
"Since the evil day when this was done, the initial monopoly has been extended by vicious amendments to the Fed and by the unlawful and treasonable practices of the Fed.
Money for the Scottish Distillers
"Mr. Chairman, if a Scottish distiller wishes to send a cargo of Scotch whiskey to these United States, he can draw his bill against the purchasing bootlegger in dollars and after the bootlegger has accepted it by writing his name across the face of it, the Scotch distiller can send that bill to the nefarious open discount market in New York City where the Fed will buy it and use it as collateral for a new issue of Fed Notes. Thus the Government of these United States pay the Scotch distiller for the whiskey before it is shipped, and if it is lost on the way, or if the Coast Guard seizes it and destroys it, the Fed simply write off the loss and the government never recovers the money that was paid to the Scotch distiller.
"While we are attempting to enforce prohibition here, the Fed are in the distillery business in Europe and paying bootlegger bills with public credit of these United States. "Mr. Chairman, by the same process, they compel our Government to pay the German brewer for his beer. Why should the Fed be permitted to finance the brewing industry in Germany either in this way or as they do by compelling small and fearful United States Banks to take stock in the Isenbeck Brewery and in the German Bank for brewing industries? "Mr. Chairman, if Dynamit Nobel of Germany, wishes to sell dynamite in Japan to use in Manchuria or elsewhere, it can drew its bill against the Japanese customers in dollars and send that bill to the nefarious open discount market in New York City where the Fed will buy it and use it as collateral for a new issue of Fed Notes- while at the same time the Fed will be helping Dynamit Nobel by stuffing its stock into the United States banking system.
"Why should we send our representatives to the disarmament conference at Geneva- while the Fed is making our Government pay Japanese debts to German Munitions makers?
"Mr. Chairman, if a German wishes to raise a crop of beans and sell them to a Japanese customer, he can draw a bill against his prospective Japanese customer in dollars and have it purchased by the Fed and get the money out of this Country at the expense of the American people before he has even planted the beans in the ground. "Mr. Chairman, if a German in Germany wishes to export goods to South America, or any other Country, he can draw his bill against his customers and send it to these United States and get the money out of this Country before he ships, or even manufactures the goods.
"Mr. Chairman, why should the currency of these United States be issued on the strength of German Beer? Why should it be issued on the crop of unplanted beans to be grown in Chili for Japanese consumption? Why should these United States be compelled to issue many billions of dollars every year to pay the debts of one foreigner to another foreigner? "Was it for this that our National Bank depositors had their money taken out of our banks and shipped abroad? Was it for this that they had to lose it? Why should the public credit of these United States and likewise money belonging to our National Bank depositors be used to support foreign brewers, narcotic drug vendors, whiskey distillers, wig makes, human hair merchants, Chilean bean growers, to finance the munition factories of Germany and Soviet Russia?
THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN RANSACKED
"The United States has been ransacked and pillaged. Our structures have been gutted and only the walls are left standing. While being perpetrated, everything the world would rake up to sell us was brought in here at our expense by the Fed until our markets were swamped with unneeded and unwanted imported goods priced far above their value and make to equal the dollar volume of our honest exports, and to kill or reduce our favorite balance of trade. As Agents of the foreign central banks the Fed try by every means in their power to reduce our favorable balance of trade. They act for their foreign principal and they accept fees from foreigners for acting against the best interests of these United States. Naturally there has been great competition among among foreigners for the favors of the Fed.
"What we need to do is to send the reserves of our National Banks home to the people who earned and produced them and who still own them and to the banks which were compelled to surrender them to predatory interests.
"Mr. Chairman, there is nothing like the Fed pool of confiscated bank deposits in the world. It is a public trough of American wealth in which the foreigners claim rights, equal to or greater than Americans. The Fed are the agents of the foreign central banks. They use our bank depositors' money for the benefit of their foreign principals. They barter the public credit of the United States Government and hire it our to foreigners at a profit to themselves.
"All this is done at the expense of the United States Government, and at a sickening loss to the American people. Only our great wealth enabled us to stand the drain of it as long as we did.
"We need to destroy the Fed wherein our national reserves are impounded for the benefit of the foreigners. "We need to save America for Americans.
"Mr. Chairman, when you hold a $10.00 Fed Note in your hand, you are holding apiece of paper which sooner or later is going to cost the United States Government $10.00 in gold (unless the Government is obliged to go off the gold standard). It is based on limburger cheese (reported to be in foreign warehouses) or in cans purported to contain peas (but may contain salt water instead), or horse meat, illicit drugs, bootleggers fancies, rags and bones from Soviet Russia (of which these United States imported over a million dollars worth last year), on wines whiskey, natural gas, goat and dog fur, garlic on the string, and Bombay ducks.
"If you like to have paper money- which is secured by such commodities- you have it in Fed Note. If you desire to obtain the thing of value upon which this paper currency is based, that is, the limburger cheese, the whiskey, the illicit drugs, or any of the other staples- you will have a very hard time finding them.
"Many of these worshipful commodities are in foreign Countries. Are you going to Germany to inspect her warehouses to see if the specified things of value are there? I think more, I do not think that you would find them there if you did go.
"On April 27, 1932, the Fed outfit sent $750,000 belonging to American bank depositors in gold to Germany. A week later another $300,000 in gold was shipped to Germany. About the middle of May $12,000,000 in gold was shipped to Germany by the Fed. Almost every week there is a shipment of gold to Germany. These shipments are not made for profit on the exchange since the German marks are blow parity with the dollar.
"Mr. Chairman, I believe that the National Bank depositors of these United States have a right to know what the Fed are doing with their money. There are millions of National Bank depositors in the Country who do not know that a percentage of every dollar they deposit in a Member Bank of the Fed goes automatically to American Agents of the foreign banks and that all their deposits can be paid away to foreigners without their knowledge or consent by the crooked machinery of the Fed and the questionable practices of the Fed.
[Ed. Note- Problem with next paragraph in original] "Mr. Chairman, the American people should be told the truth by their servants in office. In 1930, we had over a half billion dollars outstanding daily to finance foreign goods stored in or shipped between several billion dollars. What goods are these on which the Fed yearly pledge several billions of dollars. In its yearly total, this item amounts to several billions of dollars of the public credit of these United States?
"What goods are those which are hidden in European and Asiatic stores have not been seen by any officer of our Government but which are being financed on the public credit of the United States Government? What goods are those upon which the 17 United States Government is being obligated by the Fed to issue Fed Notes to the extent of several billions of dollars a year?
The Bankers' Acceptance Racket
"The Fed have been International Banks from the beginning, with these United States as their enforced banker and supplier of currency. But it is none the less extraordinary to see these these twelve private credit monopolies, buying the debts of foreigners against foreigners, in all parts of the world and asking the Government of these United States for new issues of Fed notes in exchange for them. "The magnitude of the acceptance racket as it has been developed by the Fed, their foreign correspondents, and the predatory European born bankers, who set up the Fed here and taught your own, by and of pirates, how to loot the people: I say the magnitude of this racket is estimated to be in the neighborhood of 9,000,000,000 per year. In the past ten years it is said to have amounted to $90,000,000,000.00. In my opinion it has amounted to several times that much. coupled to this you have to the extent of billions of dollars, the gambling in the United States securities, which takes place in the same open discount market- a gambling on which the Fed is now spending $100,000,000.00 per week.
"Fed Notes are taken from the U.S. Government in unlimited quantities. Is is strange that the burden of supplying these immense sums of money to the gambling fraternity has at last proved too heavy for the American people to endure? Would it not be a national [calamity to] again bind down this burden on the backs of the American people and by means of a long rawhide whip of the credit masters, compel them to enter another seventeen years of slavery?
"They are trying to do that now. They are trying to take $100,000,000.00 of the public credit of the United States every week, in addition to all their other seizures and they are sending that money to the nefarious open market in a desperate gamble to reestablish their graft as a going concern.
"They are putting the United States Government in debt to the extent of $100,000,000 a week, and with the money they are buying our Government securities for themselves and their foreign principals. Our people are disgusted with the experiences of the Fed. The Fed is not producing a loaf of bread, a yard of cloth, a bushel of corn, or a pile of cordwood by its check-kiting operations in the money market.
"Mr. Speaker, on the 13th of January of this year I addressed the House on the subject of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. In the course of my remarks I made the following statement: In 1928 the member banks of the Fed borrowed $60,598,690,000. from the Fed on their fifteen-day promissory notes. Think of it. Sixty billion dollars payable on demand in gold in the course of one single year. The actual amount of such obligations called for six times as much monetary gold as there is in the world. Such transactions represent a grant in the course of one single years of about $7,000,000 to every member of the Fed.
"Is it any wonder that American labor which ultimately pays the cost of all banking operations of this Country has at last proved unequal to the task of supplying this huge total of cash and credit for the benefit of the stock market manipulators and foreign swindlers? "In 1933 the Fed presented the staggering amount of $60,598,690,000 to its member banks at the expense of the wage earners and tax payers of these United States. In 1929, the year of the stock market crash, the Fed advanced $58,000,000,000 to member banks.
"In 1930 while the speculating banks were getting out of the stock market at the expense of the general public, the Fed advanced them $13,022,782,000. This shows that when the banks were gambling on the public credit of these United States as represented by the Fed currency they were subsidized to any amount they required by the Fed. When the swindle began to fall, the bankers knew it in advance and withdrew from the market. They got out with whole skins- and left the people of these United States to pay the piper. "My friend from Kansas, Mr. McGugin, has stated that he thought the Fed lent money on rediscounting. So they do, but they lend comparatively little that way. The real discounting that they do has been called a mere penny in the slot business. It is too slow for genuine high flyers. They discourage it. They prefer to subsidize their favorite banks by making them $60,000,000,000 advances and they prefer to acquire assistance in the notorious open discount market in New York, where they can use it to control the price of stocks and bonds on the exchanges.
"For every dollar they advanced on discounts in 1928, they lent $33.00 to their favorite banks for whom they do a business of several billion dollars income tax on their profits to these United States.
The John Law Swindle
"This is the John Law swindle over again. The theft of Teapot Dome was trifling compared to it. What King ever robbed his subject to such an extent as the Fed has robbed us? Is it any wonder that there have been lately ninety cases of starvation in one of the New York hospitals? Is there any wonder that the children are being abandoned?
"The government and the people of these United States have been swindled by swindlers deluxe to whom the acquisition of American or a parcel of Fed Notes presented no more difficulty than the drawing up of a worthless acceptance in a Country not subject to the laws of these United States, by sharpers not subject to the jurisdiction of these United States, sharpers with strong banking "fence" on this side of the water, a "fence" acting as a receiver of a worthless paper coming from abroad, endorsing it and getting the currency out of the Fed for it as quickly as possible exchanging that currency for gold and in turn transmitting the gold to its foreign confederates.
Ivar Kreuger, the Match King!
"Such were the exploits of Ivar Krueger, Mr. Hoover's friend, and his rotten Wall Street bakers. Every dollar of the billions Kreuger and his gang drew out of this Country on acceptances was drawn from the government and the people of the United States through the Fed. The credit of the United States Government was peddled to him by the Fed for their own private gain. That is what the Fed has been doing for many years.
"They have been peddling the credit of this Government and the [signature of this] Government to the swindlers and speculators of all nations. That is what happens when a Country forsakes its Constitution and gives its sovereignty over the public currency to private interests. Give them the flag and they will sell it.
"The nature of Kreuger's organized swindle and the bankrupt condition of Kreuger's combine was known here last June when Hoover sought to exempt Krueger's loan to Germany of $125,000,000 from the operation of the Hoover Moratorium. The bankrupt condition of Krueger's swindle was known her last summer when $30,000,000 was taken from the American taxpayers by certain bankers in New York for the ostensible purpose of permitting Krueger to make a loan to Colombia. Colombia never saw that money.
"The nature of Krueger's swindle was known here in January when he visited his friend, Mr. Hoover, at the White House. It was known here in March before he went to Paris and committed suicide.
"Mr. Chairman, I think the people of the United States are entitled to know how many billions of dollars were placed at the disposal of Krueger and his gigantic combine by the Fed, and to know how much of our Government currency was issued and lost in the financing of that great swindle in the years during which the Fed took care of Krueger's requirements.
"A few days ago, the President of the United States with a white face and shaking hands, went before the Senate of behalf of the moneyed interests and asked the Senate to levy a tax on the people so that foreigners might know that these United States would pay its debt to them.
"Most Americans thought it was the other way around. What does these United States owe foreigners? When and by whom was the debt incurred? It was incurred by the Fed, when they peddled the signature of the Government to foreigners- for a Price. It is what the United States Government has to pay to redeem the obligations of the Fed.
Thieves Go Scot Free
"Are you going to let these thieves get off scot free? Is there one law for the looter who drives up to the door of the United States Treasury in his limousine and another for the United States Veterans who are sleeping on the floor of a dilapidated house on the outskirts of Washington?
"The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is here asking for a large loan from the people, and the wage earners and the taxpayers of these United States. It is begging for a handout from the Government. It is standing, cap in hand, at the door of the R.F.C. where all the jackals have gathered to the feast. It is asking for money that was raised from the people by taxation and wants this money of the poor for the benefit of Kuhn, Loeb and Co., the German International Bankers.
"Is there one law for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and another for the hungry veterans it threw off its freight cars the other day? Is there one law for sleek and prosperous swindlers who call themselves bankers and another law for the soldiers who defended the flag? "The R.F.C. is taking over these worthless securities from the Investment Trusts with United States Treasury money at the expense of the American taxpayer and the wage earner.
"It will take twenty years to redeem our Government. Twenty years of penal servitude to pay off the gambling debts of the traitorous Fed and to vast flood of American wages and savings, bank deposits, and the United States Government credit which the Fed exported out of this country to their foreign principals.
"The Fed lately conducted an anti-hoarding campaign here. They they took that extra money which they had persuaded the American people to put into the banks- they sent it to Europe- along with the rest. In the last several months, they have sent $1,300,000,000 in gold to their foreign employers, their foreign masters, and every dollar of that gold belonged to the people of these United States and was unlawfully taken from them.
"Mr. Chairman, within the limits of the time allowed me, I cannot enter into a particularized discussion of the Fed. I have singled out the Fed currency for a few remarks because there has lately been some talk here of "fiat money". What kind of money is being pumped into the open discount market and through it into foreign channels and stock exchanges? Mr. Mills of the Treasury has spoken here of his horror of the printing presses and his horror of dishonest money. He has no horror of dishonest money. If he had, he would be no party to the present gambling of the Fed in the nefarious open discount market of New York, a market in which the sellers are represented by 10 discount corporations owned and organized by the very banks which own and control the Fed.
"Fiat money, indeed!
"What Mr. Mills is fighting for is the preservation, whole and entire, of the banker's monopoly of all the currency of the United States Government.
"Mr. Chairman, last December, I introduced a resolution here asking for an examination and an audit of the Fed and all related matters. If the House sees fit to make such an investigation, the people of these United States will obtain information of great value. This is a Government of the people, by the people, for the people. Consequently, nothing should be concealed from the people. The man who deceives the people is a traitor to these United States.
"The man who knows or suspects that a crime has been committed and who conceals and covers up that crime is an accessory to it. Mr. Speaker, it is a monstrous thing for this great nation of people to have its destinies presided over by a traitorous government board acting in secret concert with international usurers.
"Every effort has been made by the Fed to conceal its powers- but the truth is- the Fed has usurped the Government. It controls everything here and it controls all of our foreign relations. It makes and breaks governments at will.
"No man and no body of men is more entrenched in power than the arrogant credit monopoly which operated the Fed. What National Government has permitted the Fed to steal from the people should now be restored to the people. The people have a valid claim against the Fed. If that claim is enforced the Americans will not need to stand in the bread line, or to suffer and die of starvation in the streets. Women will be saved, families will be kept together, and American children will not be dispersed and abandoned.
"Here is a Fed Note. Immense numbers of the notes are now held abroad. I am told that they amount to upwards of a billion dollars. They constitute a claim against our Government and likewise a claim against our peoples' money to the extent of $1,300,000,000 which has within the last few months been shipped abroad to redeem Fed Notes and to pay other gambling debts of the traitorous Fed. The greater part of our money stock has been shipped to other lands.
"Why should we promise to pay the debts of foreigners to foreigners? Why should the Fed be permitted to finance our competitors in all parts of the world? Do you know why the tariff was raised? It was raised to shut out the flood of Fed Goods pouring in here from every quarter of the globe- cheap goods, produced by cheaply paid foreign labor, on unlimited supplies of money and credit sent out of this Country by the dishonest and unscrupulous Fed.
"The Fed are spending $100,000,000 a week buying government securities in the open market and are making a great bid for foreign business. They are trying to make rates so attractive that the human hair merchants and the distillers and other business entities in foreign land will come her and hire more of the public credit of the United States Government to pay the Fed outfit for getting it for them.
World Enslavement Planned
"Mr. Chairman, when the Fed was passed, the people of these United States did not perceive that a world system was being set up here which would make the savings of the American school teacher available to a narcotic-drug vendor in Acapulco. They did not perceive that these United States was to be lowered to the position of a coolie country which has nothing but raw material and heart, that Russia was destined to supply the man power and that this country was to supply the financial power to an "international superstate". A superstate controlled by international bankers, and international industrialists acting together to enslave the world for their own pleasure?
"The people of these United States are being greatly wronged. They have been driven from their employments. They have been dispossessed from their homes. They have been evicted from their rented quarters. They have lost their children. They have been left to suffer and die for lack of shelter, food, clothing and medicine.
"The wealth of these United States and the working capital have been taken away from them and has either been locked in the vaults of certain banks and the great corporations or exported to foreign countries for the benefit of the foreign customers of these banks and corporations. So far as the people of the United States are concerned, the cupboard is bare.
"It is true that the warehouses and coal yards and grain elevators are full, but these are padlocked, and the great banks and corporations hold the keys.
"The sack of these United States by the Fed is the greatest crime in history.
"Mr. Chairman, a serious situation confronts the House of Representatives today. We are trustees of the people and the rights of the people are being taken away from them. Through the Fed the people are losing the rights guaranteed to them by the Constitution. Their property has been taken from them without due process of law. Mr. Chairman, common decency requires us to examine the public accounts of the Government and see what crimes against the public welfare have been committed.
"What is needed here is a return to the Constitution of these United States.
"The old struggle that was fought out here in Jackson's time must be fought our over again. The independent United States Treasury should be reestablished and the Government should keep its own money under lock and key in the building the people provided for that purpose.
"Asset currency, the devise of the swindler, should be done away with. The Fed should be abolished and the State boundaries should be respected. Bank reserves should be kept within the boundaries of the States whose people own them, and this reserve money of the people should be protected so that the International Bankers and acceptance bankers and discount dealers cannot draw it away from them.
"The Fed should be repealed, and the Fed Banks, having violated their charters, should be liquidated immediately. Faithless Government officials who have violated their oaths of office should be impeached and brought to trial.
"Unless this is done by us, I predict, that the American people, outraged, pillaged, insulted and betrayed as they are in their own land, will rise in their wrath, and will sweep the money changers out of the temple.
"Mr. Chairman, the United States is bankrupt: It has been bankrupted by the corrupt and dishonest Fed. It has repudiated its debts to its own citizens. Its chief foreign creditor is Great Britain, and a British bailiff has been at the White House and the British Agents are in the United States Treasury making inventory arranging terms of liquidations!
Great Britain, Partner in Blackmail
"Mr. Chairman, the Fed has offered to collect the British claims in full from the American public by trickery and corruption, if Great Britain will help to conceal its crimes. The British are shielding their agents, the Fed, because they do not wish that system of robbery to be destroyed here. They wish it to continue for their benefit! By means of it, Great Britain has become the financial mistress of the world. She has regained the position she occupied before the World War.
"For several years she has been a silent partner in the business of the Fed. Under threat of blackmail, or by their bribery, or by their native treachery to the people of the United States, the officials in charge of the Fed unwisely gave Great Britain immense gold loans running into hundreds of millions of dollars. They did this against the law! Those gold loans were not single transactions. They gave Great Britain a borrowing power in the United States of billions. She squeezed billions out of this Country by means of her control of the Fed.
"As soon as the Hoover Moratorium was announced, Great Britain moved to consolidate her gains. After the treacherous signing away of American rights at the 7-power conference at London in July, 1931, which put the Fed under the control of the Bank of International Settlements, Great Britain began to tighten the hangman's noose around the neck of the United States.
"She abandoned the gold standard and embarked on a campaign of buying up the claims of foreigners against the Fed in all parts of the world. She has now sent her bailiff, Ramsey MacDonald, here to get her war debt to this country canceled. But she has a club in her hands! She has title to the gambling debts which the corrupt and dishonest Fed incurred abroad.
"Ramsey MacDonald, the labor party deserter, has come here to compel the President to sign on the dotted line, and that is what Roosevelt is about to do! Roosevelt will endeavor to conceal the nature of his action from the American people. But he will obey the International Bankers and transfer the war debt that Great Britain should pay to the American people, to the shoulders of the American taxpayers.
"Mr. Chairman, the bank holiday in the several States was brought about by the corrupt and dishonest Fed. These institutions manipulated money and credit, and caused the States to order bank holidays.
"These holidays were frame-ups! "They were dress rehearsals for the national bank holiday which Franklin D. Roosevelt promised Sir Ramsey MacDonald that he would declare.
"There was no national emergency here when Franklin D. Roosevelt took office excepting the bankruptcy of the Fed- a bankruptcy which has been going on under cover for several years and which has been concealed from the people so that the people would continue to permit their bank deposits and their bank reserves and their gold and the funds of the United States Treasury to be impounded in these bankrupt institutions.
"Under cover, the predatory International Bankers have been stealthily transferring the burden of the Fed debts to the people's Treasury and to the people themselves. They the farms and the homes of the United States to pay for their thievery! That is the only national emergency that there has been here since the depression began.
"The week before the bank holiday ws declared in New York State, the deposits in the New York savings banks were greater than the withdrawals. There were no runs on New York Banks. There was no need of a bank holiday in New York, or of a national holiday.
Roosevelt and the International Bankers
"Roosevelt did what the International Bankers ordered him to do!
"Do not deceive yourself, Mr. Chairman, or permit yourself to be deceived by others into the belief that Roosevelt's dictatorship is in any way intended to benefit the people of the United States: he is preparing to sign on the dotted line! "He is preparing to cancel the war debts by fraud!
"He is preparing to internationalize this Country and to destroy our Constitution itself in order to keep the Fed intact as a money institution for foreigners. "Mr. Chairman, I see no reason why citizens of the United States should be terrorized into surrendering their property to the International Bankers who own and control the Fed. The statement that gold would be taken from its lawful owners if they did not voluntarily surrender it, to private interests, show that there is an anarchist in our Government.
"The statement that it is necessary for the people to give their gold- the only real money- to the banks in order to protect the currency, is a statement of calculated dishonesty!
"By his unlawful usurpation of power on the night of March 5, 1933, and by his proclamation, which in my opinion was in violation of the Constitution of the United States, Roosevelt divorced the currency of the United States from gold, and the United States currency is no longer protected by gold. It is therefore sheer dishonesty to say that the people's gold is needed to protect the currency.
"Roosevelt ordered the people to give their gold to private interests- that is, to banks, and he took control of the banks so that all the gold and gold values in them, or given into them, might be handed over to the predatory International Bankers who own and control the Fed.
"Roosevelt cast his lot with the usurers. "He agreed to save the corrupt and dishonest at the expense of the people of the United States.
"He took advantage of the people's confusion and weariness and spread the dragnet over the United States to capture everything of value that was left in it. He made a great haul for the International Bankers.
"The Prime Minister of England came here for money! He came here to collect cash!
"He came here with Fed Currency and other claims against the Fed which England had bought up in all parts of the world. And he has presented them for redemption in gold.
"Mr. Chairman, I am in favor of compelling the Fed to pay their own debts. I see no reason why the general public should be forced to pay the gambling debts of the International Bankers.
Roosevelt Seizes the Gold
"By his action in closing the banks of the United States, Roosevelt seized the gold value of forty billions or more of bank deposits in the United States banks. Those deposits were deposits of gold values. By his action he has rendered them payable to the depositors in paper only, if payable at all, and the paper money he proposes to pay out to bank depositors and to the people generally in lieu of their hard earned gold values in itself, and being based on nothing into which the people can convert it the said paper money is of negligible value altogether.
"It is the money of slaves, not of free men. If the people of the United States permit it to be imposed upon them at the will of their credit masters, the next step in their downward progress will be their acceptance of orders on company stores for what they eat and wear. Their case will be similar to that of starving coal miners. They, too, will be paid with orders on Company stores for food and clothing, both of indifferent quality and be forced to live in Company-owned houses from which they may be evicted at the drop of a hat. More of them will be forced into conscript labor camps under supervision.
"At noon on the 4th of March, 1933, FDR with his hand on the Bible, took an oath to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the U.S. At midnight on the 5th of March, 1933, he confiscated the property of American citizens. He took the currency of the United States standard of value. He repudiated the internal debt of the Government to its own citizens. He destroyed the value of the American dollar. He released, or endeavored to release, the Fed from their contractual liability to redeem Fed currency in gold or lawful money on a parity with gold. He depreciated the value of the national currency.
"The people of the U.S. are now using unredeemable paper slips for money. The Treasury cannot redeem that paper in gold or silver. The gold and silver of the Treasury has unlawfully been given to the corrupt and dishonest Fed. And the Administration has since had the effrontery to raid the country for more gold for the private interests by telling our patriotic citizens that their gold is needed to protect the currency.
"It is not being used to protect the currency! It is being used to protect the corrupt and dishonest Fed. "The directors of these institutions have committed criminal offense against the United States Government, including the offense of making false entries on their books, and the still more serious offense of unlawfully abstracting funds from the United States Treasury! "Roosevelt's gold raid is intended to help them out of the pit they dug for themselves when they gambled away the wealth and savings of the American people.
"The International Bankers set up a dictatorship here because they wanted a dictator who would protect them. They wanted a dictator who would protect them. They wanted a dictator who would issue a proclamation giving the Fed an absolute and unconditional release from their special currency in gold, or lawful money of any Fed Bank.
"Has Roosevelt relieved any other class of debtors in this country from the necessity of paying their debts? Has he made a proclamation telling the farmers that they need not pay their mortgages? Has he made a proclamation to the effect that mothers of starving children need not pay their milk bills? Has he made a proclamation relieving householders from the necessity of paying rent?
Roosevelt's Two Kinds of Laws
"Not he! He has issued one kind of proclamation only, and that is a proclamation to relieve international bankers and the foreign debtors of the United States Government.
"Mr. Chairman, the gold in the banks of this country belongs to the American people who have paper money contracts for it in the form of national currency. If the Fed cannot keep their contracts with United States citizens to redeem their paper money in gold, or lawful money, then the Fed must be taken over by the United States Government and their officers must be put on trial.
"There must be a day of reckoning. If the Fed have looted the Treasury so that the Treasury cannot redeem the United States currency for which it is liable in gold, then the Fed must be driven out of the Treasury.
"Mr. Chairman, a gold certificate is a warehouse receipt for gold in the Treasury, and the man who has a gold certificate is the actual owner of a corresponding amount of gold stacked in the Treasury subject to his order.
"Now comes Roosevelt who seeks to render the money of the United States worthless by unlawfully declaring that it may No Longer be converted into gold at the will of the holder.
"Roosevelt's next haul for the International Bankers was the reduction in the pay of all Federal employees.
"Next in order are the veterans of all wars, many of whom are aged and inform, and other sick and disabled. These men had their lives adjusted for them by acts of Congress determining the amounts of the pensions, and, while it is meant that every citizen should sacrifice himself for the good of the United States, I see no reason why those poor people, these aged Civil War Veterans and war widows and half-starved veterans of the World War, should be compelled to give up their pensions for the financial benefit of the International vultures who have looted the Treasury, bankrupted the country and traitorously delivered the United States to a foreign foe.
"There are many ways of raising revenue that are better than that barbaric act of injustice.
"Why not collect from the Fed the amount they owe the U.S. Treasury in interest on all the Fed currency they have taken from the Government? That would put billions of dollars into the U.S. Treasury.
"If FDR is as honest as he pretends to be, he will have that done immediately. And in addition, why not compel the Fed to disclose their profits and to pay the Government its share?
"Until this is done, it is rank dishonesty to talk of maintaining the credit of the U.S. Government. "My own salary as a member of Congress has been reduced, and while I am willing to give my part of it that has been taken away from me to the U.S. Government, I regret that the U.S. has suffered itself to be brought so low by the vultures and crooks who are operating the roulette wheels and faro tables in the Fed, that is now obliged to throw itself on the mercy of its legislators and charwomen, its clerks, and it poor pensioners and to take money out of our pockets to make good the defalcations of the International Bankers who were placed in control of the Treasury and given the monopoly of U.S. Currency by the misbegotten Fed. "I am well aware that the International Bankers who drive up to the door of the United States Treasury in their limousines, look down with scorn upon members of Congress because we work for so little, while they draw millions a year. The difference is that we earn, or try to earn, what we get- and they steal the greater part of their takings.
Enemies of the People They Rob
"I do not like to see vivisections performed on human beings. I do not like to see the American people used for experimental purposes by the credit masters of the United States. They predicted among themselves that they would be able to produce a condition here in which American citizens would be completely humbled and left starving and penniless in the streets.
"The fact that they made that assertion while they were fomenting their conspiracy against the United States that they like to see a human being, especially an American, stumbling from hunger when he walks. "Something should be done about it, they say. Five-cent meals, or something! "But FDR will not permit the House of Representatives to investigate the condition of the Fed. FDR will not do that. He has certain International Bankers to serve. They not look to him as the man Higher Up who will protect them from the just wrath of an outraged people.
"The International Bankers have always hated our pensioners. A man with a small pension is a ward of the Government. He is not dependent upon them for a salary or wages. They cannot control him. They do not like him. It gave them great pleasure, therefore, to slash the veterans.
"But FDR will never do anything to embarrass his financial supporters. He will cover up the crimes of the Fed.
"Before he was elected, Mr. Roosevelt advocated a return to the earlier practices of the Fed, thus admitting its corruptness. The Democratic platform advocated a change in the personnel of the Fed. These were campaign bait. As a prominent Democrat lately remarked to me; "There is no new deal. The same old crowd is in control."
"The claims of foreign creditors of the Fed have no validity in law. The foreign creditors were the receivers- and the willing receivers- of stolen goods! They have received through their banking fences immense amounts of currency, and that currency was unlawfully taken from the United States Treasury by the Fed.
"England discovered the irregularities of the Fed quite early in its operations and through fear, apparently, the Fed have for years suffered themselves to be blackmailed and dragooning England to share in the business of the Fed. "The Fed have unlawfully taken many millions of dollars of the public credit of the United States and have given it to foreign sellers on the security of the Debt paper of foreign buyers in purely foreign transactions, and when the foreign buyers refused to meet their obligations and the Fed saw no honest way of getting the stolen goods back into their possession, they decided by control of the executive to make the American people pay their losses!
Conspiracy of War Debts
"They likewise entered into a conspiracy to deprive the people of the U.S. of their title to the war debts and not being able to do that in the way they intended, they are now engaged in an effort to debase the American dollar so that foreign governments will have their debts to this country cut in two, and then by means of other vicious underhanded arrangements, they propose to remit the remainder.
"So far as the U.S. is concerned, the gambling counters have no legal standing. The U.S. Treasury cannot be compelled to make good the gambling ventures of the corrupt and dishonest Fed. Still less should the bank deposits of the U.S. be used for that purpose. Still less should the national currency have been made irredeemable in gold so that the gold which was massed and stored to redeem the currency for American citizens may be used to pay the gambling debts of the Fed for England's benefit. "The American people should have their gold in their own possession where it cannot be held under secret agreement for any foreign control bank, or world bank, or foreign nation. Our own citizens have the prior claim to it. The paper [money men] have in their possession deserves redemption far more than U.S. currency and credit which was stolen from the U.S. Treasury and bootlegged abroad.
"Why should the foreigners be made preferred creditors of the bankrupt U.S.? Why should the U.S. be treated as bankrupt at all? This Government has immense sums due it from the Fed. The directors of these institutions are men of great wealth. Why should the guilty escape the consequences of their misdeeds? Why should the people of these U.S. surrender the value of their gold bank deposits to pay off the gambling debts of these bankers? Why should Roosevelt promise foreigners that the U.S. will play the part of a good neighbor, 'meeting its obligations'?
"Let the Fed meet their own obligations.
"Every member of the Fed should be compelled to disgorge, and every acceptance banker and every discount corporation which has made illegal profits by means of public credit unlawfully bootlegged out of the U.S. Treasury and hired out by the crooks and vultures of the Fed should be compelled to disgorge.
Federal Reserve Pays No Taxes
"Gambling debts due to foreign receivers of stolen goods should not be paid by sacrificing our title to our war debts, the assets of the U.S. Treasury- which belong to all the people of the U.S. and which it is our duty to preserve inviolate in the people's treasury.
"The U.S. Treasury cannot be made liable for them. The Fed currency must be redeemed by the Fed banks or else these Fed banks must be liquidated.
"We know from assertions made here by the Hon. John N. Garner, Vice-President of the U.S. that there is a condition in the [United States such] would cause American citizens, if they knew what it was, to lose all confidence in their government.
"That is a condition that Roosevelt will not have investigated. He has brought with him from Wall Street, James Warburg, the son of Paul M. Warburg. Mr. Warburg, alien born, and the son of an alien who did not become naturalized here until several years after this Warburg's birth, is a son of a former partner of Kuhn, Loeb and Co., a grandson of another partner, a nephew of a former partner, and a nephew of a present partner.
"He holds no office in our Government, but I am told that he is in daily attendance at the Treasury, and that he has private quarters there! In other words, Mr. Chairman, Kuhn, Loeb and Company now has control and occupy the U.S. Treasury.
Preferred Treatment for Foreigners
"The text of the Executive order which seems to place an embargo on shipments of gold permits the Secretary of the Treasury, a former director of the corrupt, to issue licenses at his discretion for the export of gold coin, or bullion, earmarked or held in trust for a recognized foreign government or foreign central bank for international settlement. Now, Mr. Chairman, if gold held in trust for those foreign institutions may be sent to them, I see no reason why gold held in trust for American as evidenced by their gold certificates and other currency issued by the U.S. Government should not be paid to them. "I think that American citizens should be entitled to treatment at least as good as that which the person is extending to foreign governments, foreign central banks, and the bank of International Settlements. I think a veteran of the world war, with a $20.00 gold certificate, is at least as much entitled to receive his own gold for it, as any international banker in the city of New York or London.
"By the terms of this executive order, gold may be exported if it is actually required, for the fulfillment of any contract entered into prior to the date of this order by an applicant who, in obedience to the executive order of April 5, 1933, has delivered gold coin, gold bullion, or gold certificates. "This means that gold may be exported to pay the obligations abroad of the Fed which were incurred prior to the date of the order, namely, April 20, 1933.
"If a European Bank should send 100,000,000 dollars in Fed currency to a bank in this country for redemption, that bank could easily ship gold to Europe in exchange for that currency. Such Fed currency would represent "contracts" entered into prior to the date of the order. If the Bank of International Settlements or any other foreign bank holding any of the present gambling debt paper of the Fed should draw a draft for the settlement of such obligation, gold would be shopped to them because the debt contract would have been entered into prior to the date of order.
Crimes and Criminals
"Mr. Speaker, I rise to a question of constitutional privilege.
"Whereas, I charge. . .Eugene Meyer, Roy A. Young, Edmund Platt, Eugene B. Black, Adolph Casper Miller, Charles S. Hamlin, George R. James, Andrew W. Mellon, Ogden L. Mills, William H. Woo W. Poole, J.F.T. O'Connor, members of the Federal Reserve Board; F. H. Curtis, J.H. Chane, R.L. Austin, George De Camp, L.B. Williams, W.W. Hoxton, Oscar Newton, E.M. Stevens, J.S. Wood, J.N. Payton, M.L. McClure, C.C. Walsh, Isaac B. Newton, Federal Reserve Agents, jointly and severally, with violations of the Constitution and laws of the United States, and whereas I charge them with having taken funds from the U.S Treasury which were not appropriated by the Congress of the United States, and I charge them with having unlawfully taken over $80,000,000,000 from the U.S. Government in the year 1928, the said unlawful taking consisting of the unlawful creation of claims against the U.S. Treasury to the extent of over $80,000,000,000 in the year 1928; and I charge them with similar thefts committed in 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932 and 1933, and in years previous to 1928, amounting to billions of dollars; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally with having unlawfully created claims against the U.S. Treasury by unlawfully placing U.S. Government credit in specific amounts to the credit of foreign governments and foreign central banks of issue; private interests and commercial and private banks of the U.S. and foreign countries, and branches of foreign banks doing business in the U.S., to the extent of billions of dollars; and with having made unlawful contracts in the name of the U.S. Government and the U.S. Treasury; and with having made false entries on books of account; and
"Whereas I charge them jointly and severally, with having taken Fed Notes from the U.S. Treasury and with having put Fed Notes into circulation without obeying the mandatory provision of the Fed Act which requires the Fed Board to fix an interest rate on all issues of Fed Notes supplied to Fed Banks, the interest resulting therefrom to be paid by the Fed Banks to the government of the U.S. for the use of the Fed Notes, and I charge them of having defrauded the U.S. Government and the people of the U.S. of billions of dollars by the commission of this crime, and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having purchased U.S. Government securities with U.S. Government credit unlawfully taken and with having sold the said U.S. Government securities back to the people of the U.S. for gold or gold values and with having again purchased U.S. Government securities with U.S. Government credit unlawfully taken and with having again sold the said U.S. Government security for gold or gold values, and I charge them with having defrauded the U.S. Government and the people of the U.S. by this rotary process; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having unlawfully negotiated U.S. Government securities, upon which the Government liability was extinguished, as collateral security for Fed Notes and with having substituted such securities for gold which was being held as collateral security for Fed Notes, and with having by the process defrauded the U.S. Government and the people of the U.S., and I charge them with the theft of all the gold and currency they obtained by this process; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having unlawfully issued Fed currency on false, worthless and fictitious acceptances and other circulating evidence of debt, and with having made unlawful advances of Fed currency, and with having unlawfully permitted renewals of acceptances and renewals of other circulating evidences of debt, and with having permitted acceptance bankers and discount dealer corporations and other private bankers to violate the banking laws of the U.S.; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having conspired to have evidences of debt to the extent of $1,000,000,000 artificially created at the end of February, 1933, and early in March 1933, and with having made unlawful issues and advances of Fed currency on the security of said artificially created evidences of debt for a sinister purpose, and with having assisted in the execution of said sinister purpose; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having brought about the repudiation of the currency obligations of the Fed Banks to the people of the U.S. and with having conspired to obtain a release for the Fed Board and the Fed Banks from their contractual liability to redeem all Fed currency in gold or lawful money at the Fed Bank and with having defrauded the holders of Fed currency, and with having conspired to have the debts and losses of the Fed Board and the Fed Banks unlawfully transferred to the Government and the people of the U.S., and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having unlawfully substituted Fed currency and other irredeemable paper currency for gold in the hands of the people after the decision to repudiate the Fed currency and the national currency was made known to them, and with thus having obtained money under false pretenses; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having brought about a repudiation of the notes of the U.S. in order that the gold value of the said currency might be given to private interests, foreign governments, foreign central banks of issues, and the Bank of International Settlements, and the people of the U.S. to be left without gold or lawful money and with no currency other that a paper currency irredeemable in gold, and I charge them with having done this for the benefit of private interests, foreign governments, foreign central banks of issue, and the bank of International Settlements; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with conniving with the Edge Law banks, and other Edge Law institutions, accepting banks, and discount corporations, foreign central banks of issue, foreign commercial banks, foreign corporations, and foreign individuals with funds unlawfully taken from the U.S. Treasury; and I charge them with having unlawfully permitted and made possible 'new financing' for foreigners at the expense of the U.S. Treasury to the extent of billions of dollars and with having unlawfully permitted and made possible the bringing into the United States of immense quantities of foreign securities, created in foreign countries for export to the U.S. and with having unlawfully permitted the said foreign securities to be imported into the U.S. instead of gold, which was lawfully due to the U.S. on trade balances and otherwise, and with having lawfully permitted and facilitated the sale of the said foreign securities in the U.S., and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having unlawfully exported U.S. coins and currency for a sinister purpose, and with having deprived the people of the U.S. of their lawful medium of exchange, and I charge them with having arbitrarily and unlawfully reduced the amount of money and currency in circulation in the U.S. to the lowest rate per capita in the history of the Government, so that the great mass of the people have been left without a sufficient medium of exchange, and I charge them with concealment and evasion in refusing to make known the amount of U.S. money in coins and paper currency exported and the amount remaining in the U.S. as a result of which refusal the Congress of the U.S. is unable to ascertain where the U.S. coins and issues of currency are at the present time, and what amount of U.S. currency is now held abroad; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having arbitrarily and unlawfully raised and lowered the rates of money and with having arbitrarily increased and diminished the volume of currency in circulation for the benefit of private interests at the expense of the Government and the people of the U.S. and with having unlawfully manipulated money rates, wages, salaries and property values both real and personal, in the U.S. by unlawful operations in the open discount market and by resale and repurchase agreements unsanctioned by law, and
"Whereas I charge them jointly and severally, with having brought about the decline in prices on the New York Stock Exchange and other exchanges in October, 1929, by unlawful manipulation of money rates and the volume of U.S. money and currency in circulation: by theft of funds from the U.S. Treasury by gambling in acceptances and U.S. Government securities; by service rendered to foreign and domestic speculators and politicians, and by unlawful sale of U.S. gold reserves abroad, and
"Whereas the unconstitutional inflation law imbedded in the so-called Farm Relief Act by which the Fed Banks are given permission to buy U.S. Government securities to the extent of $3,000,000,000 and to drew forth currency from the people's Treasury to the extent of $3,000,000,000 is likely to result in connivance on the part of said accused with others in the purchase by the Fed of the U.S. Government securities to the extent of $3,000,000,000 with U.S. Government's own credit unlawfully taken, it being obvious that the Fed do no not intend to pay anything of value to the U.S. Government for the said U.S. Government securities no provision for payment in gold or lawful money appearing in the so-called Farm Relief bill- and the U.S. Government will thus be placed in a position of conferring a gift of $3,000,000,000 in the U.S. Government securities on the Fed to enable them to pay more on their bad debts to foreign governments, foreign central banks of issue, private interests, and private and commercial banks, both foreign and domestic, and the Bank of International Settlements, and
"Whereas the U.S. Government will thus go into debt to the extent of $3,000,000,000 and will then have an additional claim of $3,000,000,000 in currency unlawfully created against it and whereas no private interest should be permitted to buy U.S. Government securities with the Government's own credit unlawfully taken and whereas currency should not be issued for the benefit of said private interest or any interests on U.S. Government securities so acquired, and whereas it has been publicly stated and not denied that the inflation amendment of the Farm Relief Act is the matter of benefit which was secured by Ramsey MacDonald, the Prime Minister of Great Britain, upon the occasion of his latest visit to the U.S. Treasury, and whereas there is grave danger that the accused will employ the provision creating U.S. Government securities to the extent of $3,000,000,000 and three millions in currency to be issuable thereupon for the benefit of themselves and their foreign principals, and that they will convert the currency so obtained to the uses of Great Britain by secret arrangements with the Bank of England of which they are the agents, and for which they maintain an account and perform services at the expense of the U.S. Treasury, and that they will likewise confer benefits upon the Bank of International Settlements for which they maintain an account and perform services at the expense of the U.S. Treasury; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having concealed the insolvency of the Fed and with having failed to report the insolvency of the Fed to the Congress and with having conspired to have the said insolvent institutions continue in operation, and with having permitted the said insolvent institutions to receive U.S. Government funds and other deposits, and with having permitted them to exercise control over the gold reserves of the U.S. and with having permitted them to transfer upward of $100,000,000,000 of their debts and losses to the general public and the Government of the U.S., and with having permitted foreign debts of the Fed to be paid with the property, the savings, the wages, and the salaries of the people of the U.S. and with the farms and the homes of the American people, and whereas I charge them with forcing the bad debts of the Fed upon the general public covertly and dishonestly and and with taking the general wealth and savings of the people of the U.S. under false pretenses, to pay the debts of the Fed to foreigners; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with violations of the Fed Act and other laws; with maladministration of the h evasions of the Fed Law and other laws; and with having unlawfully failed to report violations of law on the part of the Fed Banks which, if known, would have caused the Fed Banks to lose their charters, and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with failure to protect and maintain the gold reserves and the gold stock and gold coinage of the U.S. and with having sold the gold reserves of the U.S to foreign Governments, foreign central banks of issue, foreign commercial and private banks, and other foreign institutions and individuals at a profit to themselves, and I charge them with having sold gold reserves of the U.S. so that between 1924 and 1928 the U.S. gained no gold on net account but suffered a decline in its percentage of central gold reserves from the 45.9 percent in 1924 to 37.5 percent in 1928 notwithstanding the fact that the U.S. had a favorable balance of trade throughout that period, and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having conspired to concentrate U.S. Government securities and thus the national debt of the U.S. in the hands of foreigners and international money lenders and with having conspired to transfer to foreigners and international money lenders title to and control of the financial resources of the U.S.; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having fictitiously paid installments on the national debt with Government credit unlawfully taken; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with the loss of the U.S. Government funds entrusted to their care; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having destroyed independent banks in the U.S. and with having thereby caused losses amounting to billions of dollars to the said banks, and to the general public of the U.S., and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with the failure to furnish true reports of the business operations and the true conditions of the Fed to the Congress and the people, and having furnished false and misleading reports to the congress of the U.S., and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having published false and misleading propaganda intended to deceive the American people and to cause the U.S. to lose its independence; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with unlawfully allowing Great Britain to share in the profits of the Fed at the expense of the Government and the people of the U.S.; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having entered into secret agreements and illegal transactions with Montague Norman, Governor of the Bank of England; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with swindling the U.S. Treasury and the people of the U.S. in pretending to have received payment from Great Britain of the amount due on the British ware debt to the U.S. in December, 1932; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having conspired with their foreign principals and others to defraud the U.S. Government and to prevent the people of the U.S. from receiving payment of the war debts due to the U.S. from foreign nations; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having robbed the U.S Government and the people of the U.S. by their theft and sale of the gold reserves of the U.S. and other unlawful transactions created a deficit in the U.S. Treasury, which has necessitated to a large extent the destruction of our national defense and the reduction of the U.S. Army and the U.S. Navy and other branches of the national defense; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, of having reduced the U.S. from a first class power to one that is dependent, and with having reduced the U.S. from a rich and powerful nation to one that is internationally poor; and
"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with the crime of having treasonable conspired and acted against the peace and security of the U.S. and with having treasonable conspired to destroy constitutional Government in the U.S.
"Resolve, That the Committee on the Judiciary is authorized and directed as a whole or by subcommittee, to investigate the official conduct of the Fed agents to determine whether, in the opinion of the said committee, they have been guilty of any high crime or misdemeanor which in the contemplation the Constitution requires the interposition of the Constitutional powers of the House. Such Committee shall report its finding to the House, together with such resolution or resolutions of impeachment or other recommendations as it deems proper.
"For the purpose of this resolution the Committee is authorized to sit and act during the present Congress at such times and places in the District of Columbia or elsewhere, whether or not the House is sitting, has recessed or has adjourned, to hold such clerical, stenographic, and other assistants, to require of such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, to take such testimony, to have such printing and binding done, and to make such expenditures as it deems necessary."
After some discussion and upon the motion of Mr. Byrns, the resolution and charge was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
"Attacks on McFadden's Life Reported"
Commenting on Former Congressman Louis T. McFaddens's "heart-failure sudden-death" on Oct. 3, 1936, after a "dose" of "intestinal flu," "Pelley's Weekly" of Oct. 14 said:
Now that this sterling American patriot has made the Passing, it can be revealed that not long after his public utterance against the encroaching powers of Judah, it became known among his intimates that he had suffered two attacks against his life. The first attack came in the form of two revolver shots fired at him from ambush as he was alighting from a cab in front of one of the Capital hotels. Fortunately both shots missed him, the bullets burying themselves in the structure of the cab.
"He became violently ill after partaking of food at a political banquet at Washington. His life was only saved from what was subsequently announced as a poisoning by the presence of a physician friend at the banquet, who at once procured a stomach pump and subjected the Congressman to emergency treatment."
/s/ Robert Edward Edmondson (Publicist-Economist)
President Andrew Jackson stated in reference to the bankers at the start of his administration:
"You are a den of vipers and thieves.
I intend to rout you out, and by the Eternal God, I will rout you out."
On May 23, 1933, Congressman, Louis T. McFadden, brought formal charges against the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve Bank system, The Comptroller of the Currency and the Secretary of United States Treasury for numerous criminal acts, including but not limited to, CONSPIRACY, FRAUD, UNLAWFUL CONVERSION, AND TREASON.
The petition for Articles of Impeachment was thereafter referred to the Judiciary Committee and has
YET TO BE ACTED ON.