« Consumer Ideas: Bring Gas Prices Down - An Economics Survival Lesson | Main | Anti-Codex Petition Needs Big Boost »

Legal Steps Taken In Andrea Clark Case To Stop Life Support Removal In Texas

Legal Steps Taken In Andrea’s Case To Stop Life Support Removal
   The life of Andrea Clark hangs in the balance at St. Luke’s Episcopal Hospital in


   The life support of the 54-year-old woman was to have been removed Sunday after the hospital ethics committee decided under the Texas Futile Care Law that it would be futile to prolong the life of the heart patient and recommended that she be removed from life support despite her family’s wishes and the wishes of Andrea herself.
   Under the law, once the decision is made, by law the hospital is authorized to discontinue the disputed treatment after a 10-day delay during which the hospital must try to find a facility that will accept a transfer of the patient.
   Plans to transfer Andrea to a facility in


fell apart on Friday and the hospital has reportedly agreed not to remove the ventilator and discontinue dialysis of Andrea until at least Tuesday while the search continues for a facility where she can be transferred.
   Jerri Lynn Ward, the


attorney who is presenting Andrea and her family, says that efforts are still being made to transfer Andrea’s care to another physician or facility.
   She will be serving a cease and desist letter upon the hospital administration Monday to stop the hospital from removing life support from Andrea until she can ask a Houston court for an injunction against the hospital, stopping them from ending Andrea’s life.
   The letter follows:
Ms. Ann Thielke, J.D.
In-House Counsel
St. Luke’s Hospital
                                                                   VIA Email and Fax
Dr. Ron Giveon
Dr. Mark Tran
Dr. Robert Carpenter
Chairman of St. Luke’s Hospital
Case Manager
Blue Cross Blue Shield
          Re:  Andrea Clark
Dear Sirs and Madam,
As you know, I represent Andrea Clark and her family.  On behalf of the family and Andrea, I have been authorized to convey treatment decisions made by the family with regard to her care.  Because Andrea is heavily sedated and is limited in her ability to communicate treatment decisions to her physicians and the hospital, the family is empowered under law to make such decisions on her behalf.  The family is united in its decision that life-sustaining treatments should NOT be withdrawn or withheld from Andrea Clark pending transfer to another physician or facility.
On behalf of Andrea, the family, acting as a unit, has made the following treatment decisions:
  Life-sustaining treatment should continue pending transfer as referenced above.
  Dr. Ron Giveon should, in the exercise of reasonable care, prepare an interim summary of his findings and diagnoses to enable other physicians to have sufficient information in order to make a decision as to whether or not to take on the care of Andrea.  It is unconscionable to this family that Andrea’s primary attending physician has made himself unavailable to the patient during this trying time—even though he has delegated care to Dr. Tran. 
  It is the family’s position that Andrea is not a “futile case”.  Under the provisions and privacy regulations of HIPAA, the family is entitled to have erroneous information in Andrea’s medical chart corrected.  Because, it is at least one physician’s opinion that a diagnosis of futility and decision that life-sustaining treatments are inappropriate, the family requests, pursuant to HIPAA, that the medical chart be corrected and that the discontinuation of life-sustaining treatments on the basis of inappropriateness not be entered into her chart.  The decision that Andrea’s case is “futile” has placed seemingly insurmountable obstacles to transferring Andrea’s care to other providers.  It is repugnant to notions of justice and fairness that Andrea’s life be threatened because you have unilaterally determined a disputable outcome that impedes her chances of finding another health provider.
  The family has decided that the regimen of pain medication be reassessed and the dosage appropriately decreased so that a proper assessment of Andrea’s condition can be made by physicians other than the ones to whom this letter is directed.
  The family withdraws consent and authorization from the attending physicians and the hospital to discuss with, disclose to or elicit opinions from Dr. Robert Carpenter regarding protected health information concerning Andrea Clark.  It is the family’s opinion that Dr. Carpenter’s actions and opinions in this matter are informed solely by his personal philosophies regarding “futile care theories” and that he has not taken an objective approach in this matter.  Furthermore, it is the family understands that Dr. Carpenter is an ob-gyn, and not a cardiologist.  Thus, the family questions Dr. Carpenter’s seemingly active role in affirming treatment decisions of Andrea’s treating physicians.
  Moreover, it is the family’s opinion that Lanore Dixon and Charles Clark were treated with rudeness, insensitivity and disdain during an ethics committee meeting which focused on pain management for Andrea. The family felt that its positions were ignored and ridiculed by Dr. Carpenter. Moreover, the report Dr. Carpenter wrote as a result of that particular ethics committee meeting was rife with misstatements of the facts.  For instance, Dr. Carpenter wrote:  "…The specific question asked concerning that belief is when, if ever, her sister told her that she wanted to exist in a state of pain and suffering to achieve that goal. That question was never answered." 
  Lanore Dixon strongly disputes this and asserts that she did; indeed, state “that Andrea did tell me that she wanted all measures to be taken to save her life unless she was brain dead.”
  It is the family’s decision and desire that Dr. Carpenter recuse himself from consideration of this case and any decision regarding Andrea’s care.  The family will be exploring its recourse under the law and under the enforcement mechanisms of HIPAA to this end.
  The family requests that the ethics committee be convened on a day and time convenient for the family, their attorney and their medical experts to discuss Andrea’s care.
  The family insists that Dr. Carpenter, or any other hospital staff member desist from any attempts to unduly or unreasonably persuade, intimidate or bully any potential treating physician into accepting Dr. Carpenter’s opinion that life-sustaining treatments should be withdrawn.  The family, again, withdraws any consent or authorization from the parties in this matter for Dr. Carpenter to receive or discuss protected health information regarding Andrea Clark
  The family insists that it be made privy to any conversations between representatives or case managers and attending physicians or hospital staff and Andrea Clark’s insurer regarding matters of coverage.  The family is entitled to know if the insurer is placing pressure on the hospital based on its assessments regarding length of stay or any other measure impacting the insurer’s willingness to pay.
  Furthermore, Andrea Clark has apparently developed a pressure-ulcer while under your care.  The family has been informed that the pain that Andrea is experiencing, and which in part is being used to justify withdrawing life-sustaining treatment, is resulting from the pressure ulcer.  The family is entitled to evaluate whether or not proper and timely interventions were implemented to prevent Andrea from developing the pressure ulcer.  Further, it is the expectation of the family that all necessary and proper treatment be continued to promote healing of the ulcer.  It is the position of the family that the attending physicians and hospital have developed a conflict of interest as a result of Andrea’s development of a pressure ulcer that should preclude you from making a treatment decision that will inevitably result in her death.   Therefore, any action or decision that you make to withdraw life-sustaining treatment is ethically tainted by questions of fact regarding the level of care received by Andrea Clark.
  On behalf of the family, I am putting you on notice that the family intends to file pleadings with the appropriate court in order to restrain you from withdrawing life-sustaining treatments.  There are numerous questions of fact that should not be solely determined by you with regard to Andrea’s treatment.  There are fact issues with regard to whether or not the physicians and the hospital have acted with reasonable care in deciding that life-sustaining treatment should be withdrawn. Should you act to withdraw life-sustaining treatment prior to review by an appropriate Court, the family intends file complaints with the appropriate regulatory and licensure entities and to take any available legal action permitted under the law and in equity.
  It is the family’s opinion that the attending physician and ethics committee have overreached in this case.  It should not be your decision as to whether or not Andrea’s life is worth living.  The family demands that life-sustaining treatments be continued in light of the fact that the family intends to take this matter up with the Court.
  Should you have any questions, please contact me.  Thank you for your immediate attention to this matter.
Very truly yours,
Jerri Lynn Ward, J.D.
Garlo Ward, P.C.
        HHSC (




Board of Medical Examiners
         Texas Department of Health
         Episcopal Diocese of





Teknosis Join us at EENG - Free Blogs,.

April 30, 2006 in Current Affairs | Permalink


TrackBack URL for this entry:

Listed below are links to weblogs that reference Legal Steps Taken In Andrea Clark Case To Stop Life Support Removal In Texas:


Under Bush' Law, a self appointed ethics committee, NOT ONE DOCTOR, can decide to forcibly remove care from a patient. Andrea WANTS TO LIVE, just like Terri Schiavo, but Florida killed her! Andrea's sisters want her to live, SO WHAT IS THE PROBLEM?

TERRI SCHIAVO WAS KILLED BY A JUDICIAL ACTIVIST JUDGE, NOT A CHRISTIAN HOSPITAL. Many corrupt Public Officials, including Governor Bush, State Attorney General Crist, DCF Legal Councilor, Frank Nagatani, and others. Maybe you should change the name of the Hospital to Michael Schiavo Hospital. What is the Episcopal Church's position? This is a disgrace!

Since the Hospital in Chicago doe not have the facilities, did you ask them who does? That hospital is not the only hospital in Chicago. Is St. Luke's hospital being helpful, or revengeful?

Paul F. Timmerman
Greenacres, FL.

Posted by: Paul Timmerman | May 1, 2006 10:50:23 PM

The Terri Schindler Schiavo, Center for Health Care Ethics Inc., Throws Support Behind Family of Andrea Clark

Washington, D.C. – Houston’s St. Luke’s Hospital is giving the family of Andrea Clark until April 30th to find another facility to take Clark as a patient or doctors, under direction of an ethics committee, will remove her from life support.

Clark, who underwent open-heart surgery in January and then developed bleeding on the brain in February, is NOT brain dead and is NOT in a coma. According to her family Clark has also expressed her wish to live.

The Foundation is appalled at the decision St. Luke’s Hospital has made to give up on a patient, especially on the recommendation of an ethics committee that seems to have more than just what’s best for the patient in mind.

“We at The Foundation, Center for Health Care Ethics are seeing a growing number of hospital ethics committees emerging in our nation at an alarming rate,” said Bobby Schindler.

“The story of Andrea Clark demonstrates the dangers of these unelected, self-appointed, and anonymous committees that are rushing to remove the care from patients in private, without a public hearing or any type of appeal.

“This is happening despite the fact that the treatment the patients are receiving, as in Andrea’s case, is working.”

About the Schindler Family:
Mary and Robert Schindler as well as Suzanne Schindler Vitadamo and Bobby Schindler now work full time for The Terri Schindler Schiavo Foundation, Center for Health Care Ethics in St. Petersburg, Florida, an organization dedicated to ensuring the rights of disabled, elderly and vulnerable citizens against care rationing, euthanasia and medical killing.

Their first book, A Life that Matters: The Legacy of Terri Schiavo – A Lesson for Us All was released March 27, 2006.

For more information or to schedule an interview with the Schindler family, please contact Amber Hildebrand at 703-879-5862 or e-mail Amber@MaximumImpactPR.com.

Posted by: Amber Hildebrand | May 1, 2006 10:54:32 PM

The comments to this entry are closed.