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THIS DAY IN HISTORY: June 10, 2008

June 10
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Brice's Cross Roads.jpg (123893 bytes)
The Battle of Brice's Crossroads
Painting by artist Rick Reeves entitled; Brice's Cross Roads.
One of Forrest's greatest victories, June 10, 1864.
IMAGE CREDIT: Rick Reeves.
The Battle of Brice's Crossroads
At the Battle of Brice’s Crossroads in Mississippi, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats the numerically superior Union troops.
June 10, 1864
The Battle of Brice's Crossroads was fought on June 10, 1864, near Baldwyn in Lee County, Mississippi, during the American Civil War. It pitted a 4,787-man contingent led by Confederate Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest against an 7,900-strong Union force led by Brigadier General Samuel D. Sturgis. The battle ended in a rout of the Union forces and cemented Forrest's reputation as one of the great cavalrymen.
The battle remains a textbook example of an outnumbered force prevailing through better tactics, terrain mastery, and aggressive offensive action. Despite this, the Confederates gained little through the victory other than temporarily keeping the Union out of Alabama and Mississippi.

At 9:45 a.m. on June 10, a brigade of Benjamin H. Grierson's Union cavalry division reached Brice's Crossroads and the battle started at 10:30 a.m. when the Confederates performed a stalling operation with a brigade of their own. Forrest then ordered the rest of his cavalry to converge around the crossroads. The remainder of the Union cavalry arrived in support, but a strong Confederate assault soon pushed them back at 11:30 a.m., when the balance of Forrest's cavalry arrived on the scene. Grierson called for infantry support and Sturgis obliged. The line held until 1:30 p.m. when the first regiments of Federal infantry arrived.
The Union line, initially bolstered by the infantry, briefly seized the momentum and attacked the Confederate left flank, but Forrest launched an attack from his extreme right and left wings, before the rest of the federal infantry could take to the field. In this phase of the battle, Forrest commanded his artillery to unlimber, unprotected, only yards from the Federal position, and to shell the Union line with grapeshot. The massive damage caused Sturgis to re-order the line in a tighter semi-circle around the crossroads, facing east.
At 3:30, the Confederates in the 2nd Tennessee Cavalry assaulted the bridge across the Tishomingo. Although the attack failed, it caused severe confusion among the Federal troops and Sturgis ordered a general retreat. With the Tennesseans still pressing, the retreat bottlenecked at the bridge and a panicked rout developed instead. The ensuing wild flight and pursuit back to Memphis carried across six counties before the exhausted Confederates retired.
To read the entire original article go here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Brice's_Crossroads
~ Google LINKS ~
For more information go here: http://www.nps.gov/brcr/

This Day In History - June 10
1190   Frederick Barbarossa drowns in a river while leading an army of the Third Crusade.
1692   Bridget Bishop is hanged in Salem, Mass., for witchcraft.
1776   The Continental Congress appoints a committee to write a Declaration of Independence.
1801   Tripoli declares war on the U.S. for refusing to pay tribute.
1854   The U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, holds its first graduation.
1861   Dorothea Dix is appointed superintendent of female nurses for the Union army.
1864   At the Battle of Brice’s Crossroads in Mississippi, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats the numerically superior Union troops.
1898   U.S. Marines land in Cuba.
1905   Japan and Russia agree to peace talks brokered by President Theodore Roosevelt.
1909   An SOS signal is transmitted for the first time in an emergency when the Cunard liner SS Slavonia is wrecked off the Azores.
1916   Mecca, under control of the Turks, falls to the Arabs during the Great Arab Revolt.
1920   The Republican convention in Chicago endorses woman suffrage.
1924   The Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti is kidnapped and assassinated by Fascists in Rome.
1925   Tennessee adopts a new biology text book denying the theory of evolution.
1940   The Norwegian army capitulates to the Germans.
1942   Germany razes the town of Lidice, Czechoslovakia and kills more than 1,300 citizens in retribution of the murder of Reinhard Heydrich.
1943   The Allies begin bombing Germany around the clock.
1944   The U.S. VII and V corps, advancing from Normandy’s beaches, link up and begin moving inland.
1948   The news that the sound barrier has been broken is finally released to the public by the U.S. Air Force. Chuck Yeager, piloting the rocket airplane X-1, exceeded the speed of sound on October 14, 1947.
1963   Buddhist monk Ngo Quang Duc dies by self immolation in Saigon to protest persecution by the Diem government.
1970   A 15-man group of special forces troops begin training for Operation Kingpin, a POW rescue mission in North Vietnam.
1985    The Israeli army pulls out of Lebanon after 1,099 days of occupation.
1999   Serb forces begin their withdrawl from Kosovo after signing an agreement with the NATO powers.

Born on June 10
1735   John Morgan, physician-in-chief of the American Continental Army.
1895   Hattie McDaniel, African-American actress.
1901   Frederick Loewe, songwriter.
1915   Saul Bellow, American novelist (Herzog, Humboldt’s Gift).
1922   Judy Garland (Frances Ethel Gumm), American actress and singer (The Wizard of Oz, Easter Parade).
1925   Nat Hentoff, journalist.
1928   Maurice Sendak, children’s author and illustrator (Where the Wild Things Are).
1933   F. Lee Bailey, American defense attorney.

Top Popular Songs on June 10
Sentimental Journey - The Les Brown Orchestra (vocal: Doris Day)
Dream - The Pied Pipers
Laura - The Woody Herman Orchestra
At Mail Call Today - Gene Autry
Song from Moulin Rouge - The Percy Faith Orchestra
April in Portugal - The Les Baxter Orchestra
Pretend - Nat King Cole
Take These Chains from My Heart - Hank Williams
Running Scared - Roy Orbison
Moody River - Pat Boone
Stand by Me - Ben E. King
Hello Walls - Faron Young
Get Back - The Beatles
Love (Can Make You Happy) - Mercy
Grazing in the Grass - The Friends of Distinction
Singing My Song - Tammy Wynette
Sir Duke - Stevie Wonder
I’m Your Boogie Man - KC & The Sunshine Band
Dreams - Fleetwood Mac
Luckenbach, Texas (Back to the Basics of Love) - Waylon Jennings
Everybody Wants to Rule the World - Tears for Fears
Suddenly - Billy Ocean
Things Can Only Get Better - Howard Jones
Natural High - Merle Haggard

06/09/2008 - 06/13/2008
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Tuesday 06-10-2008
Monday 06-09-2008
"Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it."
~ George Santayana, poet and philosopher.
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June 10, 2008 in Current Affairs | Permalink


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